Presentation Authors: Tae Bum Sik, Hoon Choi, Jae Young Park, Bae Jae Hyun, Byung Jo Jeon, Ansan, Korea, Republic of, Hong Chung, Chungju, Korea, Republic of, Sung Tae Cho*, Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Introduction: To evaluate the association between alpha-blockers and dementia in patients with benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH).
Methods: Using the National Health Insurance Service database of the entire Korean adult patient population with BPH, data on alpha-blockers and dementia between January 2011 and December 2011 were analyzed. These patients were followed-up until September 2017. We excluded patients who were previously diagnosed with cognitive dysfunction or dementia, or who had a history of a cerebral event. We tested the effect of alpha-blockers on the risk of dementia using propensity score-matched Cox proportional hazard regression models and Kaplanâ€“Meier survival analysis.
Results: During a mean follow-up period of 1,496 (Â±821.8) days, all inclusion and exclusion criteria were met by 65,481 patients with BPH. After propensity score-matching, the incidence of dementia was 18.5% in the tamsulosin cohort, 19.1% in the doxazosin cohort, 21.2% in the terazosin cohort, 18.0% in the alfuzosin cohort, and 21.3% in the no BPH medication cohort. The risk of dementia did not significantly differ between the tamsulosin cohort and the doxazosin [1.033 (0.961-1.111)] and alfuzosin [1.003 (0.925, 1.087)] cohorts. However, the no BPH medication [1.533 (1.384-1.699)] and terazosin [1.130 (1.064-1.201)] cohorts had a higher risk of dementia than the tamsulosin cohort. However, the risk of dementia was significantly lower in the BPH medication cohorts including terazosin than in the no BPH medication cohort.
Conclusions: The findings of this large population-based study indicate that the use of BPH medication is not associated with an increased risk of dementia either overall, by duration of use, or by type.