Presentation Authors: Nobuyuki Hinata*, Yukari Bando, Tomoaki Terakawa, Junya Furukawa, Yuzo Nakano, Masato Fujisawa, Kobe, Japan
Introduction: To assess whether application of a hyaluronic acid-carboxymethyl cellulose membrane (HA/CMC) to the prostate bed and neurovascular plate facilitated early return of continence after nerve-sparing robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP).
Methods: The subjects were 183 consecutive patients with organ-confined prostate cancer who underwent unilateral or bilateral nerve-sparing RARP. After vesicourethral anastomosis, HA/CMC was placed to cover Denonvilliersâ€™ fascia (behind the anastomotic suture) and the preserved neurovascular plate. The time until complete continence after RARP and perioperative complications were compared between patients with or without HA/CMC.
Results: HA/CMC was applied in 13/46 patients (28.3%) receiving bilateral nerve-sparing surgery and 40/137 patients (29.2%) receiving unilateral nerve-sparing surgery. After bilateral nerve-sparing RARP, the median time until continence was significantly shorter in patients with HA/CMC than in those without HA/CMC (3.2 vs. 9.3 months, respectively, p < 0.01). After unilateral nerve-sparing RARP, the median time until continence was also significantly shorter in patients with HA/CMC than in those without HA/CMC (3.2 vs. 12.0 months, respectively, p < 0.01). Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis showed that an age < 70 years (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.74, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.12-2.80), institutional caseload > 200, (HR: 1.64, 95%CI: 1.10-2.47), and use of HA/CMC (HR: 1.84, 95%CI: 1.22-2.76) were independent predictors of early postoperative continence. Complication rates, including urinary leakage, did not differ significantly between patients with or without HA/CMC.
Conclusions: Application of HA/CMC to the prostate bed and neurovascular plate resulted in significantly faster postoperative return of continence after both unilateral and bilateral nerve-sparing RARP.