Breast Cancer

PV 01 - Poster Viewing Q&A - Session 1

SU_11_2110 - Proton Beam Accelerated Partial Breast Irradiation: Prospective Multi-Institutional PCG Registry Analysis

Sunday, September 15
1:15 PM - 2:30 PM
Location: ASTRO Innovation Hub

Proton Beam Accelerated Partial Breast Irradiation: Prospective Multi-Institutional PCG Registry Analysis
J. Anderson1, J. R. Niska1, C. S. Thorpe1, M. E. Bruso2, L. A. McGee1, W. F. Hartsell3, G. L. Larson4, C. J. Rossi5, L. R. Rosen6, A. L. Chang7, and C. E. Vargas8; 1Department of Radiation Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Phoenix, AZ, 2Department of Research Biostatistics, Mayo Clinic, Phoenix, AZ, 3Proton Collaborative Group, Warrenville, IL, 4ProCure Proton Therapy Center, Oklahoma City, OK, 5Scripps Proton Therapy Center, San Diego, CA, 6Willis-Knighton Proton Therapy Center, Shreveport, LA, 7California Protons Cancer Therapy Center, San Diego, CA, 8Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, AZ

Purpose/Objective(s): To evaluate toxicities and clinical outcomes after accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) using proton beam therapy (PBT) for early breast cancer.

Materials/Methods: In the prospective multi-institutional Proton Collaborative Group registry, 43 patients with 45 treated breasts (2 patients treated bilaterally) received proton APBI. Toxicities were prospectively evaluated using NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0. Toxicities were considered acute if they occurred within 6 months after starting PBT and late if they occurred or persisted beyond 6 months after starting PBT. Clinical data was obtained directly from patient charts. Luminal A was defined as ER/PR-positive, HER2-normal, Ki-67 <14%. Luminal B was defined as ER/PR-positive, HER2-normal, Ki-67 ≥14%. Kaplan Meier curves were used to measure clinical outcomes. Statistical analysis was performed using a data and decision management software.

Results: Median follow-up was 11.8 months (range 0-36.6). Median age was 67 (range 47 – 81). Median body mass index (BMI) was 29.3 (range 18.4 – 44.9). Histologic subtypes included: 11 Luminal A, 18 Luminal B, 3 triple-positive, 7 unspecified ER/PR-positive HER2-normal, and 6 DCIS. TNM stage included: 3 pTisNx, 3 pTisN0, 36 pT1N0, 1 ypT1N0, 1 pT1N1a, and 1 pT2N0. All invasive margins were negative. DCIS margins were < 2 mm in 5 cases (4 of whom also had invasive disease). Surgery included 45 lumpectomies and 2 re-excisions. One patient had implants, and one patient had neoadjuvant chemotherapy and HER-2 therapy. Median PBT dose was 40 Gy Relative Biologic Effectiveness (RBE) in 10 fractions. One patient withdrew after 16 Gy RBE. Proton technology included 76.7% uniform scanning, 18.6% pencil beam scanning, and 4.7% unreported. Adjuvant endocrine therapy was employed in 85%. Maximum toxicity was grade 2. Grade 2 toxicities included 1 patient with acute grade 2 lymphedema and 2 patients with late grade 2 dermatitis. Grade 1 toxicities included 32 patients with dermatitis, 10 with fatigue, 10 with pain, 4 with cough, 3 with pruritus, 2 with hyperpigmentation, 2 with nipple deformity, 1 with lymphedema, and 1 with skin induration. Eight patients (18.6%) had no radiation-related toxicities at time of last follow-up. No patient experienced local recurrence, metastasis, or death.

Conclusion: Proton APBI was safe and well-tolerated. Only 7% of patients experienced grade 2 toxicity. Over 18% of patients experienced no radiation related toxicities at time of last follow-up.

Author Disclosure: J. Anderson: None. J.R. Niska: None. W.F. Hartsell: Partner; Radiation Oncology Consultants, Ltd. Medical Director; Chicago Proton Center. Minority owner of GammaKnife equipment; Elk Grove Radiosurgery Inc. Partnership; Elk Grove Radiosurgery Inc, Illinois Cyberknife. G.L. Larson: Independent Contractor; Procure Proton Therapy Center - Oklahoma City. Stock; Procure Proton Therapy Center - Oklahoma City. L.R. Rosen: Honoraria; Iba, lane r rosen. Speaker's Bureau; lane r rosen. Travel Expenses; Iba, lane r rosen. Partner; Radiation Oncology Services. Board Member; Caddo bossier cancer foundation league. Stock; IBA. C.E. Vargas: Chairman; Proton Collaborative Group. Stock; View Ray.

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