Track 2: Sustainability and Conservation of Built Heritage in the Americas
The conservation of the cultural heritage of the 20th century and its complexities, are unraveled by deepening the impact that a conservative, cultural and not only methodological approach in restoration has on the modern heritage. The restoration of the architectural production that dates back to the dawn of the industrial revolution until today, is a theme that confronts the wishes and expectations of those who still believe in the communicative and expressive capacity of the latest architectural heritage exponents. Modern architecture does not opposed to the past; in a certain sense, it is handed over and used as a bridge towards the future, constituting the basis for reflection and experimentation. The topic of conservation acts on the level of understanding modernity and deciphering the values that it endorses. Conservation helps understanding the role of architecture as a form of art, in the industrial society. The idea of heritage is rapidly evolving, Italy is now experiencing a radical phase of reconciliation and appreciation of the modern architecture, before dismissed and abandoned, perceived like something to forget, symbol of speculation, of betrayed aspirations and mediocre realizations. Our most significant experience is the restauration of the “Mercato Coperto” of Ravenna, an Italian city that was for a few decades the capital of the Western Roman Empire and now the silent guardian of its Byzantine splendor. The building’s architecture takes inspiration from the Liberty movement for its structure and decoration. It is a landmark in the city’s beating heart. The archetype of the market pass through a thousand-year period of time, in which types, forms and structures are defined and distinguished by increasingly specific functions, up to now. The market spaces, sociologically and culturally, are the content of an urban void (a square, a street) and at the same time the container of a function, a full architecture, capable of characterizing itself as a stable structure, rich of urban functions. The restoration fits the interventions of Landscape Guardianship, finalized to the safeguard and maintenance of the city cultural heritage. The planned intervention is compatible with the area, enhancing urban and environmental quality, the development of public spaces and, indirectly, the retraining of the historical city. Before the scientific restoration and re-use project, it has been performed a careful and detailed diagnostic analysis campaign, with the aim to identify the causes of degradations and vulnerabilities. The new “Mercato Coperto” will offer the old town an innovative space dedicated to culinary excellence and culture, a place that can regenerate and recreate the urban city center. The fulcrum of aggregation will be a space where people can perceive a great sense of community and collective identity.