Track 1: Effects of Climate Change in Warm Weather Coastal Regions
In the 1930s, sunshine studies were incorporated into the production of some of the most important modern architects such as Le Corbusier and Walter Gropius.
In the province of Tucumán, Argentina, the architect and theoretician Eduardo Sacriste (1905-1999), was a pioneer in bioenvironmental design, sustained the assertion that "shape is the result of the dominant climate in a place". His project is based on his knowledge of the climates of the province, the application of bioclimatic guidelines and in the definition of spaces according to the patterns of behavior of his recipients. Knowledgeable of the relationship of the interior and exterior spaces, the distinctive characteristics of the exterior spaces and of "transition" in the site in question (the patio ", the" gallery "), the" darkening ", the" eaves " (as means for solar control), etc. These works are still valid today, even after the climate change; among them, two buildings for health stand out: the Hospital del Niño Jesus (1948) and the Institute of Maternity and Gynecology (1958).
Although both cases were carried out with rigor and rationality, they did not resort to tools and methods of prediction and validation of their thermo-energetic behaviors
Therefore, and to this end, this work exposes: a) the analysis of the bioenvironmental characteristics from the location of both buildings according to the IRAM (Argentine Normalization and Certification Institute) standard, b) verification of the application of guidelines and bioclimatic strategies in them; c) the characterization and validation of the thermophysical properties of its envelopes; d) the energy efficiency labeling of each one of them. In addition, the results and conclusions reached in this regard are presented.