Maulik Shah, DO1, David Truscello, DO1, Justin DeRosa, DO1, Nabil Al-Annouf, MD2, Robert Shmuts, DO3
1Rowan University School of Osteopathic Medicine, Stratford, NJ; 2Our Lady of Lourdes Medical Center, Willingboro, NJ; 3Lourdes Medical Associates, Willingboro, NJ
Introduction: In the case that follows, we present a case and literature review of oligometastatic intestinal adenocarcinoma originating in a colonic interposition repair of esophageal atresia. Uniquely, the pathology of the tumor wasconsistent with colonic mucosa which only a few such instances have been reported in literature.
Case Description/Methods: A 58-year-old female with a past medical history of tetralogy of Fallot (repaired at age 14), esophageal atresia status post esophageal colonic interposition, esophageal and pyloric stenosis, neo-esophageal polyp (found 2 years prior with biopsy showing reactive epithelial atypia), and atrial fibrillation on Coumadin presented to the hospital complaining of fatigue and dyspnea of one week duration. Her family history was significant for colon cancer in her father. Initial lab workup revealed a hemoglobin of 5. She was transfused 3 units of packed red blood cells. Due to severe symptomatic anemia, an upper endoscopy and colonoscopy were performed revealing an ulcerated mass, approximately 50% in circumferencein the lower third of the esophagus, as well as moderate pyloric stenosis that prevented passage of the endoscope. The esophageal masswas not amenable to endoscopic excision due to undulations of the cardiac beat, however biopsy demonstrated invasive, moderately differentiated, intestinal-type adenocarcinoma (Figure 1). Given these findings a PET/CT scan was obtained which revealed a 2cm mass in the distal aspect of the interposed colonic segment and a 1.7×1.2cm hypodense mass in the medial segment of the left hepatic lobe, consistent with metastasis. She was referred to Cardiothoracic Surgery for tumor resection and Oncology for neoadjuvent chemotherapy.
Discussion: Oligiometastatic colorectal cancer or the esophagus is an extremely rare medical condition. Our patient had an initial polyp removed in 2016, that was read as reactive epithelial atypia. More diligent surveillance was likely warranted for her case. This was shown by Lindahl et al in long-term endoscopic follow-ups in patients with this condition. Of the 12 patients observed in the study,a variety of colonic pathology was found ranging from dysplasia, colonic polyp, and aneuploid cells. Given these findings, albeit rare, with one case report citing less than 15 instances, special considerations should be made for close surveillance of these patients. Although no specific treatment guidelines exist for this anomaly, there has been documented success with a curative resection.
Citation: Maulik Shah, DO; David Truscello, DO; Justin DeRosa, DO; Nabil Al-Annouf, MD; Robert Shmuts, DO. P0332 - A RARE CASE OF COLORECTAL CANCER OF THE NEOESOPHAGUS. Program No. P0332. ACG 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. San Antonio, Texas: American College of Gastroenterology.