Yousaf Hadi, MD, Raja Samir Khan, MD, Noor Chima, MD, Justin T. Kupec, MD, FACG
West Virginia University Hospital, Ruby Memorial Hospital, Morgantown, WV
Introduction: Continuous proton pump inhibitor (PPI) infusions remain the most commonly employed therapeutic strategy for administration of PPIs in upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. Recent data has pointed towards non-inferiority of intravenous (IV) bolus regimens, but real-world data is lacking. Cost effectiveness and resource utilization data is also unavailable and projections made by estimation have shown low potential for cost savings.
Methods: A retrospective cohort study to evaluate the impact of a shift in institutional practice from PPI infusions to bolus was conducted. As part of a quality improvement initiative, an electronic medical record-based order set was employed; this involved an IV PPI twice daily for 72 hours subsequently defaulting to an oral regimen. After obtaining institutional review board (IRB) approval, patients admitted with upper GI bleeding at our institution from January 2017 to December 2018 were identified with relevant ICD 10 codes. All patients with peptic ulcer disease as the cause of bleeding were included and divided into two groups on the basis of PPI administration strategy. Clinical and resource utilization outcomes were compared between the two groups. Univariate and multivariable analyses were performed to assess independent associations.
Results: Of the 368 patients included the mean age was 62.68 years (SD: 5.3 years) and 170 (46.1%) were male. On univariate analysis, age, gender, smoking status, use of anticoagulants, and PPI administration strategy were not associated with inpatient mortality, readmissions, re-bleeding at 3, 7 and 30 days, need for endoscopic hemostatic therapy and need for re-intervention or surgery (all p values > 0.05). Multivariable logistic regression revealed that smoking (OR 2.12 95% CI 1.13- 3.70), anticoagulation use (OR: 2.27 95% CI 1.17- 4.62) and age (OR: 1.03, 95% CI 1.01-1.04) were significantly associated with in-hospital packed red blood cell transfusions. Bolus PPI use was associated with less pharmacy cost of drug calculated per patient, earlier de-escalation to oral PPI, and shorter hospital stay (p< 0.05).
Discussion: Our real world, tertiary care experience ascertains non-inferiority of IV bolus PPI regimen compared to continuous infusion for acid suppression therapy in managing upper GI bleeds. The use of simpler bolus regimens can result in a decrease in healthcare resource utilization. A practice shift to such a regimen can therefore serve as a good quality improvement initiative in health care settings.
Citation: Yousaf Hadi, MD, Raja Samir Khan, MD, Noor Chima, MD, Justin T. Kupec, MD, FACG. P0402 - SKIPPING THE DRIP: INTRAVENOUS BOLUS PROTON PUMP INHIBITOR THERAPY PRODUCES SIMILAR OUTCOMES TO CONTINUOUS INFUSIONS WITH LESS HEALTHCARE RESOURCE UTILIZATION. Program No. P0402. ACG 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. San Antonio, Texas: American College of Gastroenterology.