Ryan Moore, BS1, J. Robert Evans, MD2
1Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; 2University of California Riverside School of Medicine, Redlands, CA
For severely neurologically impaired patients, feeding tubes are a life-sustaining measure. While most patients can tolerate direct feeding into the stomach via nasogastric feeding tubes or gastrostomy feeding tubes, these options may be unhelpful or dangerous for patients with gastric retention or severe gastroesophageal reflux. For such patients, feeding through a jejunostomy may offer a safe alternative. However, when the tube needs to be replaced there are limited options. We review our experience of using non-balloon tip (NBT) gastrostomy replacement tubes as replacement jejunostomy tubes.
We searched procedure and follow-up reports from an individual gastroenterologist (JRE) from 03/2015 to 11/2018 for patients with jejunostomy feeding tubes at a single sub-acute nursing facility. All four jejunostomy patients on record had received 20 French NBT gastrostomy replacement tubes as replacement jejunostomy feeding tubes. The NBT tubes have a collapsible mushroom-shaped tip which is placed in the stoma with an obturator. We reviewed the patient records to determine if NBT replacement tubes effectively delivered nutrition and medication, whether they resulted in complications, and with what frequency the tubes needed replacement.
The patients’ records show that the improvised replacement jejunal feeding tubes performed quite well. Available records show that the patients were fed jejunally for periods ranging from 47 to 168 weeks. Replacement NBT tubes lasted from 28 to 609 days. During this period, the only complication suffered was internal detachment of the mushroom tip, which occurred 5 times (4 of which in a single patient). In each of these cases however, the bowel remained unobstructed and the tips passed through the alimentary canal. Patients retained overall good health in spite of neurological impairment.
For patients requiring feeding interventions, but lacking adequate gastric function, jejunostomy feeding is often needed if enteral feeding is to be maintained. While there is at present a dearth of equipment designed specifically for jejunal feeding tube replacement, our experience suggests that NBT gastrostomy tubes may constitute a viable option for patients with jejunostomy tubes. These mushroom-tip tubes remain in place without occluding the jejunum, they clog infrequently due to the wide lumen, and they represent a readily available and easy to place option for patients who need jejunostomy tube replacement.
Citation: Ryan Moore, BS; J. Robert Evans, MD. P0378 - USE OF NBT GASTROSTOMY TUBES AS REPLACEMENT JEJUNAL FEEDING TUBES. Program No. P0378. ACG 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. San Antonio, Texas: American College of Gastroenterology.