Vishnu Charan Suresh Kumar, MD1, Abbinaya Elangovan, MD2, Nisheet Waghray, MD2
1State University of New York Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY; 2Case Western Reserve University / MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, OH
Introduction: Lower Gastrointestinal Bleeding (LGIB) is defined as the bleeding originating from the gastrointestinal tract distal to the ligament of Treitz. LGIB is commonly caused by colonic diverticula, hemorrhoids, colorectal cancer, angiodysplasia, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and ischemic colitis. Although the diagnosis and management of LGIB have largely evolved with recent advancements, the incidence and trends of LGIB are unclear. We sought to look at the incidence and trends of LGIB 2002-2017 using a population level database.
Methods: Retrospective analysis of individuals ≥ 18 years who were hospitalized with LGIB was performed using a cloud database (IBM Explorys). Explorys aggregates de-identified data across 300 hospitals in the US. ICD 9 and ICD 10 diagnosis codes are mapped using SNOMED CT (Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine - Clinical Terms) hierarchy. Using SNOMED CT codes, Individuals who had at least one inpatient encounter with SNOMED CT diagnosis code of LGIB were identified. The rates of hospitalization and annual percentage change (APC) due to various etiologies of LGIB was analyzed between 2002-2017 were calculated using Excel, 2016.
Results: Among a cohort of 51,770,740 unique patients, 2.31% hospitalizations in 2017 were due to LGIB. The most common diagnosis associated with LGIB were hemorrhoids (34.56%) followed by diverticular disease (20.03%), IBD (3.23%), colorectal cancer (2.56%), vascular insufficiency including ischemic colitis (1.26%) and angiodysplasia (0.83%). The rates of hospitalization due to LGIB increased from 0.35% in 2002 to 2.31% in 2017 (Figure1). The APC of LGIB based on etiology is depicted in Figure 3. There was no statistically significant difference when the mean APC of the overall cases of LGIB was compared to the mean APC of individual etiologies.
Discussion: The rates of lower gastrointestinal bleeding requiring hospitalization and inpatient management have significantly increased over the last 2 decades. Among LGIB hospitalizations, the proportion of hemorrhoids and CRC have decreased while that of diverticular disease and angiodysplasia have increased over 5-year intervals (Table 1). Patient awareness, better diagnostic techniques, and aging population probably contribute to the increase in the rates of LGIB.
Citation: Vishnu Charan Suresh Kumar, MD; Abbinaya Elangovan, MD; Nisheet Waghray, MD. P0405 - TREND ANALYSIS OF LOWER GASTROINTESTINAL BLEEDING 2002-2017: A POPULATION-BASED STUDY. Program No. P0405. ACG 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. San Antonio, Texas: American College of Gastroenterology.