Paul T. Kroner, MD, MSc1, Alex M. Kesler, MD1, Juan E. Corral, MD1, Guillermo Riley, MD2, Frank Lukens, MD1
1Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL; 2Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Tainan, Taiwan
Introduction: Gender in ulcerative colitis (UC) is a well-studied topic with contradicting results with a slight male predominance seen in large population based studies in Olmsted County, Minnesota, while other studies have shown a slight female predominance. Yet, the relationship between UC and gender is not well-understood. Hence, it is unclear what is responsible for differences in gender. The aim of this study is to assess the inpatient prevalence and inpatients outcomes of UC by gender.
Methods: Case-control study using the NIS 2016, the largest public inpatient database in the US. All patients with ICD9-10CM codes for UC were included. None were excluded. Female patients were identified within the database using the female gender indicator. The primary outcome was determining the odds of UC in female patients compared to males. Secondary outcomes included determining inpatient morbidity, mortality, resource utilization, colectomy rates, hospital length of stay (LOS), and inflation-adjusted total hospital costs and charges. Propensity score matching was used to create a matching population for Charlson Comorbidity Index and age. Multivariate regression analyses were used to adjust for income in patient zip code, hospital region, location, size and teaching status.
Results: A total of 38, 950 patients with UC were identified and propensity matched for selected covariates. The mean patient age was 45, and 47.2% were female. For the primary outcome, females had decreased adjusted odds (aOR: 0.92, p< 0.01) of being admitted for UC. For secondary outcomes, female patients displayed lower adjusted odds of multi-organ failure, being placed on TPN, and undergoing colectomy. Females also had lower adjusted mean hospital costs, charges, and length of stay (LOS). All adjusted odds and means are displayed in Table 1.
Discussion: Females have lower inpatient prevalence of UC, complications, and economic burden compared to males. This reinforces the slight male predominance that was seen in the older Olmstead County population-based studies. One can speculate that the difference in complications, costs, charges, and LOS indicate that females have less severe disease at hospital admission. Numerous studies have examined the effect of gender on disease severity and outcomes, and there continues to be conflicting data. Thus, future studies are needed to determine what contributes to the variation in disease prevalence and course by gender, and possibly better tailor treatment regimens by gender.
Citation: Paul T. Kroner, MD, MSc; Alex M. Kesler, MD; Juan E. Corral, MD; Guillermo Riley, MD; Frank Lukens, MD. P0502 - FEMALE GENDER ASSOCIATED WITH DECREASED INPATIENT COMPLICATIONS IN PATIENTS WITH ULCERATIVE COLITIS. Program No. P0502. ACG 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. San Antonio, Texas: American College of Gastroenterology.