Gaurav Bhardwaj, MD1, Waqas Nawaz, MD1, Harish Guddati, MD1, Hilary Hertan, MD2
1Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY; 2Montefiore Medical Center / Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY
Introduction: Secondary Achalasia is an esophageal motor disorder presenting with clinical, radiographic and manometric features that mimic those of primary achalasia except that it has a known etiology such as gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) tumor, antireflux surgery, gastric banding or gastrectomy. We present a rare case of secondary achalasia as a remote consequence of a laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF).
Case Description/Methods: A 59 year old woman with a history of diabetes mellitus, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), hiatal hernia status post LNF with hernia repair eight years ago, presented with dysphagia to solids and liquids with a 24-pound weight loss over the last 3 months. On presentation, physical exam and initial laboratory data were unremarkable. Computerized tomography of the chest showed esophageal dilatation with an obstruction at the GEJ. Upper endoscopy revealed a large amount of impacted food in the lower third of the esophagus which was removed with a Roth net, and the GEJ was traversed by the scope with significant resistance. On retroflexion evidence of a Nissen fundoplication was found at the GEJ with a tight appearing wrap. The GEJ was dilated using Savary dilators over a guide up to a diameter of 14 mm with remarkable improvement of the symptoms. An esophagogram done post dilatation showed transit of the barium contrast through the GEJ.
Discussion: GERD is the most common pathologic condition affecting the upper gastrointestinal tract. While most patients respond to medical therapy, LNF has become the gold standard for antireflux surgery in patients with medically refractory disease. Transient dysphagia occurs in 40% to 70% of patients after LNF in the early postoperative period due to edema, slipped, migrated or too tight fundoplication or a missed diagnosis of primary achalasia and nutcracker esophagus. However, it can also occur many years after the operation due to hiatal stenosis secondary to severe fibrotic reaction and anterior angulation of the GEJ. EGD is a good initial diagnostic tool and resistance or inability to pass a gastroscope through the EGJ should raise suspicion of secondary achalasia with a background history of LNF. GEJ tumor should always be ruled out with careful examination. Dilatation of the GEJ is done using wire guided Savary dilators or through the scope balloon dilators. Our case highlights the importance of an aggressive evaluation and careful interpretation of a patient presenting with dysphagia with a remote history of fundoplication.
Citation: Gaurav Bhardwaj, MD; Waqas Nawaz, MD; Harish Guddati, MD; Hilary Hertan, MD. P0298 - CASE OF SECONDARY ACHALASIA PRESENTING SEVERAL YEARS AFTER NISSEN FUNDOPLICATION WITH IMPROVEMENT AFTER ENDOSCOPIC DILATATION - "RARE BUT NOT FORGOTTEN". Program No. P0298. ACG 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. San Antonio, Texas: American College of Gastroenterology.