Alexandra Selby, MD
Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA
Introduction: Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is an exceedingly rare yet aggressive subtype of diffuse large B cell lymphoma that is most often identified in HIV-infected individuals. PBL is detected with the highest incidence in the oral cavity, with only 12% of cases being documented in the gastrointestinal tract. Even rarer are cases of PBL manifesting as intussusception, a phenomenon observed almost exclusively in children. To the author’s knowledge, only two case reports of plasmablastic lymphoma presenting as intussusception (ileoileal and colonic) have been documented in the American literature since 2015. Herein the first case of PBL manifesting as ileocolonic intussusception in an immunocompromised adult is presented.
Case Description/Methods: A 49-year-old man with a past medical history significant for AIDS (CD4+ 128) on intermittent HAART therapy presented with a 1-week history of sharp, bilateral lower quadrant pain and worsening abdominal distension. Admission labs revealed a mild transaminitis (AST 104 U/L, ALT 61U/L) and lactic acidosis (2.8 mmol/L) but were otherwise unremarkable. His abdominal exam was notable for bilateral lower quadrant tenderness and marked abdominal distention. CT abdomen/pelvis with IV contrast demonstrated moderate-to-severe ascites as well as marked thickening of the terminal ileum, cecum and ascending colon with hyperemia and surrounding infiltration of fat concerning for short segment ileocolic intussusception. The patient was evaluated by general surgery and later deemed not to be a surgical candidate after several days of appearing non-obstructed. The patient subsequently underwent diagnostic and therapeutic paracentesis, with cytology consistent with plasmablastic neoplasm. Colonoscopy revealed a large, hard, partially obstructing mass in the ascending colon, with biopsy results most consistent with plasmablastic lymphoma. HHV-8 and EBV were negative on pathology. The patient was initiated on EPOCH chemotherapy by hematology/oncology and continues on therapy at the time of publication.
Discussion: The aforementioned case demonstrates the first known case report of PBL presenting as ileocolonic intussusception in recent review of the American literature. Taken in conjunction with other case reports documenting the association of PBL with intussusception, this case underscores that practitioners must be cognizant to include PBL in the differential diagnosis of intussusception in the immunocompromised adult so as to help expedite appropriate initiation of chemotherapy.
Citation: Alexandra Selby, MD. P0161 - PLASMABLASTIC LYMPHOMA PRESENTING AS ILEOCOLIC INTUSSUSCEPTION. Program No. P0161. ACG 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. San Antonio, Texas: American College of Gastroenterology.