Jessica Houston, DO1, Manoj Kumar, MD2, Yazan Fahmawi, MD2, Michael Barker, MD2, Meir Mizrahi, MD3
1University of South Alabama College of Medicine, Mobile, AL; 2University of South Alabama, Mobile, AL; 3University of South Alabama College of Medicine, Spanish Fort, AL
Introduction: Ethylene vinyl alcohol (EVOH) is a liquid embolic agent approved for cerebrovascular lesions. DMSO solvent dissipates into the blood, causing the EVOH copolymer and suspended tantalum to precipitate in situ into a spongy, coherent embolus. Their role in the management of gastric varices is still unknown. We are presenting our experiences with this novel echoendoscope (EUS) guided use of EVOH to achieve gastric variceal obturation (GVO).
Case Description/Methods: 44-year-old male with decompensated cirrhosis presented with melena. EGD showed large gastric varix (GOV-2). EUS- guided coiling and EVOH glue injection was planned. Gastric varices were identified using a linear echoendoscope at 7.5MHz and 22G FNA needle was then advanced into varix with position confirmed by aspirating blood. Three embolization microcoils (5mm/mm2, 8mm/4mm, 7mm/3mm; proximal end diameter/distal end diameter) were placed into the varix followed by needle flush with a 0.8 ml DMSO (dimethyl sulfoxide). Post DMSO flush, 5mL EVOH glue was injected with excellent flow reduction on EUS doppler. 0.8ml of DMSO was again used to flush the needle. Patient tolerated procedure well and had no signs of bleeding prior to discharge. Case 2: 39-year-old male with history of alcoholic and HCV cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, two prior banding procedures for bleeding esophageal varices, gastric varices, presented with signs and symptoms of decompensated cirrhosis, hematemesis and melena. EGD with banding was done for large esophageal varices with stigmata with successful hemostasis. Large gastric varix (GOV-1) was also discovered. Coiling and glue was injected with similar EUS guided technique as above (sixteen embolization microcoils of varying sizes (8mm/4mm, 7mm/3mm, 5mm/2mm); 3mL EVOH glue injection). Post procedural EUS doppler imaging showed excellent flow reduction.
Discussion: EVOH is well-known as catheter based embolic therapy for neurovascular lesions. Its application under EUS image guidance for gastric varices has not been reported yet to our knowledge thus making our case as unique. However larger, prospective multicenter trials with EVOH will be required to study rebreeding rates and long-term outcomes in the management of gastric varices.
Citation: Jessica Houston, DO; Manoj Kumar, MD; Yazan Fahmawi, MD; Michael Barker, MD; Meir Mizrahi, MD. P0445 - MODERN COILS AND GLUE: AN EVOLVING EUS APPLICATION IN THE MANAGEMENT OF GASTRIC VARICES. Program No. P0445. ACG 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. San Antonio, Texas: American College of Gastroenterology.