Chimezie Mbachi, MD1, Paul T. Kroner, MD, MSc2, Jodie A. Barkin, MD3, Yuchen Wang, MD4, Melchor V. Demetria, MD4, Jamie S. Barkin, MD, MACG3, Roberto Simons-Linares, MD, MS5
1John H. Stroger, Jr. Hospital of Cook County, Chicago, IL; 2Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL; 3University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL; 4Cook County Health and Hospital Systems, Chicago, IL; 5Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH
Introduction: Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is a debilitating chronic disease and significantly impacts patient’s quality of life. There is evidence that cannabinoids reduce markers of inflammation and fibrosis in pancreatic stellate cells; Cannabis is becoming increasingly popular and there are currently 33 states in the US that have approved medical cannabis while 10 states have approved cannabis for recreational use. We investigated the national trends in prevalence, mortality, length of stay (LOS), hospitalization charges and cost of chronic pancreatitis patients and compared between cannabis-exposed (CE) and non-cannabis-exposed (non-CE).
Methods: The National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database from 2005 to 2014 was queried for all patients with a primary discharge diagnosis of CP as per the International Classification of Diseases 9th revision (ICD-9) code 5771. Active exposure to cannabis was ascertained based on ICD-9 code 304.3X and 305.2X. We compared CE vs. non-CE patients. Outcomes included in-hospital mortality, length of stay (LOS), inflation adjusted charges and cost. Propensity match analysis for age, gender, race, median income quartile, hospital characteristics and Elixhauser comorbidity index and multivariable logistic regression models were performed using STATA 14 software.
Results: Over 31,481 patients with CP as the primary diagnosis were analyzed. Cannabis-exposure prevalence was 1.4% (447 patients). The mean age of CP patients was 49. Patients exposed to cannabis were younger (42 vs 49-year-old, p< 0.001) and mostly males (69% vs 49.7%, p< 0.001). After adjusting for these factors, CE patients had lower total charges compared to non-CE (US$ 21,589 vs. 30,291 p< 0.001) (figure 1a). CE patients were also hospitalized for fewer number of days when compared to non-CE patients (3.84 vs 5.19 days). There was a significant downward trend in the prevalence of chronic pancreatitis admissions (p< 0.001) amongst non-CE patients while there was an upward trend in the prevalence of chronic pancreatitis admissions amongst CE patients (figure 2a, b). Interestingly, after matching for age, gender and comorbidities – CE patients had lower inpatient mortality (p=0.059).
Discussion: In patients admitted with a primary diagnosis of CP, CE patients had fewer length of stay, hospitalization cost and inpatient mortality. The interplay of these factors remains unknown and studies looking at cannabis strength/dose, route and consumption frequency are needed.
Citation: Chimezie Mbachi, MD; Paul T. Kroner, MD, MSc; Jodie A. Barkin, MD; Yuchen Wang, MD; Melchor V. Demetria, MD; Jamie S. Barkin, MD, MACG; Roberto Simons-Linares, MD, MS. P0032 - IMPACT OF CANNABIS USE ON CHRONIC PANCREATITIS: A 10-YEAR ANALYSIS OF THE NATIONAL INPATIENT SAMPLE DATABASE. Program No. P0032. ACG 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. San Antonio, Texas: American College of Gastroenterology.