Takahiro Nakamura, MD1, Michael Main, MD1, Shannon Chang, MD1, Benjamin Click, MD2, David Hudesman, MD1, Jordan Axelrad, MD, MPH3
1New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, NY; 2Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH; 3New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY
Introduction: Relapse of Crohn’s disease (CD) is common after surgical resection. Prior data have demonstrated that postoperative tumor necrosis factor antagonists (anti-TNF) may reduce recurrence, although little is known about the efficacy of other biologic therapies. The aim of this study was to compare biologics for preventing postoperative objective recurrence in adult CD patients.
Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review of CD patients who underwent intestinal resection from 2012 to 2018. Demographics, IBD history, pre- and postoperative course were obtained from the electronic medical record. The primary outcome was postoperative recurrence during follow up, defined as a composite of endoscopic (Rutgeerts grade > i2), biochemical (increase in CRP > 5 mg/dL), or radiographic (presence of active inflammation) disease recurrence stratified by postoperative biologic exposure, including anti-TNF, vedolizumab (VDZ), ustekinumab (UST), and no therapy. Student’s t-test, Pearson’s chi-squared, logistic and Cox regression analyses were used to detect differences in the composite and components of the outcome among these groups.
Results: 123 patients were included. CD recurrence occurred in 36.6% of patients (13.0% biochemically, 24.4% endoscopically, 16.3% radiographically) at a median of 6.9 months (IQR 3.3-14.1) from surgery (Table 1). The number of patients in the anti-TNF, VDZ, UST, and no therapy groups were 57 (46.7%), 6 (4.9%), 13 (10.7%), and 46 (37.7%), respectively. Biologic therapy was initiated after ileostomy reversal within 3 months for 55 patients (72.4%), between 3-6 months for 11 patients (14.5%), and between 6-12 months for 10 patients (13.2%). Adjusting for prior resection and anti-TNF exposure, any biologic initiation within 6 months of surgery was superior to initiation after 6 months for preventing postoperative endoscopic recurrence (OR 0.24, 0.06-0.92), but not for the composite outcome. There were statistically significant differences among biologics for recurrence (Figure 1). Adjusting for prior resection and anti-TNF exposure, less patients relapsed under anti-TNF exposure compared to UST (HR 3.46, 1.45-8.23) for the composite outcome, and compared to UST (HR 3.95, 1.43-10.9) and VDZ (HR 4.42, 1.02-19.1) for endoscopic recurrence (Figure 2).
Discussion: Among CD patients, initiation of biologics within 6 months and anti-TNF agents were superior in preventing postoperative recurrence compared to other management strategies.
Citation: Takahiro Nakamura, MD; Michael Main, MD; Shannon Chang, MD; Benjamin Click, MD; David Hudesman, MD; Jordan Axelrad, MD, MPH. P0463 - TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR ANTAGONISTS ARE SUPERIOR TO USTEKINUMAB AND VEDOLIZUMAB FOR THE PREVENTION OF POSTOPERATIVE RECURRENCE IN ADULT CROHN’S DISEASE. Program No. P0463. ACG 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. San Antonio, Texas: American College of Gastroenterology.