Shoma Bommena, MD1, Shivang Mehta, MD2
1University of Arizona College of Medicine, Phoenix, AZ; 2Banner University, Phoenix, AZ
Introduction: Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) following laparoscopic surgery is a rare complication. PVT after laparoscopic colorectal surgery is usually associated with inflammatory conditions like IBD and is more likely to occur after total proctocolectomy and in presence of postoperative intra-abdominal infection. We report a case of PVT in a patient with no identifiable hypercoagulable disorder who underwent laparoscopic sigmoid colectomy for recurrent diverticulitis.
Case Description/Methods: A 54 year old male with a past medical history of gout and no known history of thrombosis had recurrent diverticulitis. He also had Clostridium difficile infection secondary to antibiotic use. CT showed diverticulosis, but no portal vein thrombosis. He underwent robotic sigmoid colon resection with an uneventful postoperative course. Six months later he started noticing right upper quadrant abdomen pain and diarrhea that went on for five weeks. He denied confusion, ascites and GI bleed. His PCP ordered a CT abdomen in that showed right hepatic lobe atrophy and non-opacification of branches of right portal vein consistent with prior intrahepatic portal vein thrombosis. Lab work revealed normal CBC, negative stool studies, slightly elevated alkaline phosphatase of 137, AST of 31, ALT of 28, total bilirubin of 1. He was referred to our hepatology clinic. We repeated MR abdomen with and without contrast that confirmed chronic non-occlusive thrombus in the right portal vein, left portal vein and main portal vein were widely patent. Further lab work by hematology showed no evidence of thrombophilic condition. Repeat labs after three months showed normal LFTS and intact liver function.
Discussion: PVT as a complication of laparoscopic surgery is uncommon. Local and systemic factors contribute to development of post-op PVT. Thrombosis related to CO2 pneumoperitoneum may be caused by hemodynamic changes like decrease in superior mesenteric arterial and portal venous blood flow. Issues with PVT have been seen related to splenectomy, bariatric procedures, and right hemicolectomy. Pneumoperitoneum induced hemodynamic changes and local inflammation due to diverticulitis might have contributed to PVT in our case.
Citation: Shoma Bommena, MD; Shivang Mehta, MD. P0201 - PORTAL VEIN THROMBOSIS AFTER LAPAROSCOPIC SIGMOID COLON RESECTION FOR RECURRENT DIVERTICULITIS. Program No. P0201. ACG 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. San Antonio, Texas: American College of Gastroenterology.