Rekha Reddy, MD, Derrick Cheung, MD
SUNY Downstate, Brooklyn, NY
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Introduction: Although multiple modalities exist for managing walled off and infected pancreatic necrosis, EUS-guided transmural drainage is often favored due to its minimally invasive and highly effective nature. The AXIOS stent has demonstrated clear superiority over double pigtail and fully covered self-expanding metal stents in this setting. Although the radial force from its wide luminal diameter and its dumbbell shape helps secure the stent in place, stent migration and dislodgement can still occur. Here, we present a case of stent dislodgement during a pancreatic necrosectomy, which was salvaged by stent extraction and endoscopic re-deployment using a stone extraction balloon catheter sheath.
Case Description/Methods: A 68 year old woman with a medical history notable for prior acute pancreatitis presented to the ED with abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. CT Abdomen revealed a large pancreatic fluid collection with surrounding necrosis. She was admitted to the SICU for management of necrotizing pancreatitis, and underwent cystgastrostomy with an AXIOS stent on day 14 of admission. During her necrosectomy one week later, the previously placed AXIOS stent was accidentally displaced into the stomach.
The displaced stent was grasped with a rat tooth forceps and removed from the patient. One end of the extracted AXIOS stent was stretched so that it became thin enough to be inserted into an empty stone extraction balloon catheter sheath. The other end was then back-loaded into the larger channel of a double-channel gastroscope. The scope was then re-introduced and advanced into the pancreatic cyst cavity. A rat tooth forceps was inserted into the instrument channel and used to advance the back-loaded stent forward, re-deploying the stent under endoscopic guidance only, such that it again traversed the cystic cavity and stomach. The stent was then adjusted into its desired position using rat tooth forceps.
Discussion: As Interventional Endoscopy’s technologies continue to evolve, it will become increasingly important for the skilled endoscopist to understand the mechanics of the tools being used, and trouble shoot these technologies as unforeseen complications arise. The novel method for AXIOS stent re-deployment described here not only demonstrates this understanding, but also serves as an example of a cost saving recourse for dislodged AXIOS stent re-deployment. Indeed, in an era of cost-conscious care, one must trouble shoot in a manner that is both clinically effective and financially efficient.
Citation: Rekha Reddy, MD, Derrick Cheung, MD. P0252 - PAGING DR. MACGYVER: A NOVEL APPROACH TO REDEPLOYING A DISLODGED AXIOS STENT DURING A PANCREATIC NECROSECTOMY. Program No. P0252. ACG 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. San Antonio, Texas: American College of Gastroenterology.