Aws Alameri, MD1, Abdulrahman S. Museedi, MD1, Juan Echavarria, MD, MSc2
1University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX; 2University of Texas Health, San Antonio, TX
Introduction: Candida Parapsilosis (CP) has been implicated in several intra- and extra- vascular infections and rarely been the cause of intraabdominal infections. We describe a case of CP infection complicating acute severe necrotizing pancreatitis.
Case Description/Methods: A 68 year-old man presented with acute onset epigastric pain associated with nausea and vomiting. Physical examination revealed epigastric tenderness. Lipase was elevated at 7352 mg/dl and initial abdominal CT scan revealed changes consistent with acute edematous pancreatitis with possible early necrosis. His clinical course was complicated by acute respiratory failure, septic shock, and AKI requiring hemodialysis. He was in and out of the intensive care unit despite medical management including nutrition support and broad spectrum antibiotics. A repeat CT scan 4 weeks later showed acute necrotizing pancreatitis with walled-off necrosis (WON). After an episode of acute decompensation, a percutaneous drain was placed prior to necrosectomy. The aspirated fluid grew Candida Parapsilosis and patient was started initially on Micafungin, and then transitioned to oral fluconazole. Soon after starting antifungals the patient stabilized, clinically improved and was able to be discharged home. He subsequently underwent a video assisted retroperitoneal dissection, which revealed a small amount of necrosis and a pancreatic duct leak into the WON. He underwent ERCP with pancreas duct stent bypassing the leak. Upon most recent visit, patient showed considerable improvement.
Discussion: The incidence of CP infections has been greatly increased over the last decade. Primarily, CP is implicated in cases of fungemia accounting for 3–27% of all cases of in large studies and to lesser extent in extravascular infections like osteomyelitis. Intraabdominal infections are unusual and mostly associated with peritonitis complicating surgery and peritoneal dialysis. Despite the organism normally colonizes the GI tract, pancreatic infections by CP are rare, and are usually complicating acute pancreatitis. They could be explained by portal extension and be predisposed by use of broad spectrum antibiotics, surgery, and instrumentation. In conclusion, it is important to consider fungal infections in cases of complicated infected pancreatitis especially those not responding to broad spectrum antibiotics as they share similar clinical features with bacterial causes and prompt diagnosis and treatment are key to a better outcome.
Citation: Aws Alameri, MD; Abdulrahman S. Museedi, MD; Juan Echavarria, MD, MSc. P0056 - UNEXPECTED MICROORGANISM IN AN UNEXPECTED PLACE. Program No. P0056. ACG 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. San Antonio, Texas: American College of Gastroenterology.