Award: Presidential Poster Award
Geert R. D'Haens, MD1, James O. Lindsay, MD2, Edward V. Loftus, Jr., MD, FACG3, Wen Zhou, MD4, Fabio Cataldi, MD4, Wangang Xie, PhD4, David Pugatch, MD4, Remo Panaccione, MD, FRCP5
1Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands; 2Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, England, United Kingdom; 3Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN; 4AbbVie, Inc., North Chicago, IL; 5University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
Introduction: An unmet need exists to find effective therapy in more severe ulcerative colitis (UC) patients, especially those who have failed multiple therapies. The efficacy and safety of upadacitinib, a selective Janus Kinase 1 inhibitor, has been assessed in an 8-week double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-ranging, phase 2b induction study in adult patients with moderately-to-severely active UC (U-ACHIEVE).1,2
Methods: In U-ACHIEVE, adult patients with moderately-to-severely active UC as determined by the Adapted Mayo Score (5-9 points and centrally-read endoscopy subscore 2-3) were randomized to receive extended-release upadacitinib 7.5, 15, 30, 45 mg once daily (QD) or placebo for 8 weeks. In the current sub-analysis, the efficacy of upadacitinib in more severe and/or more refractory patient populations was assessed. Patients who at baseline had failed ≥ 2 prior biologic agents, had pancolitis, and/or an Adapted Mayo score >7, were included. Pairwise comparisons between upadacitinib doses and placebo for the primary endpoint, clinical remission per Adapted Mayo Score at Week 8 (defined as stool frequency subscore ≤1, rectal bleeding subscore =0, and endoscopic subscore ≤1) and secondary endpoints were conducted using the Fisher’s Exact test and no multiplicity adjustments were applied. Non-responder imputation was utilized for missing values.
Results: At baseline, 142 (56.8% of the total study population) patients had failed ≥ 2 prior biologics, 135 (54.0%) patients had pancolitis, and 90 (36.0%) patients had an Adapted Mayo score >7. The proportions of patients achieving endoscopic improvement, clinical response per Adapted Mayo score, and clinical response per Partial Mayo score were significantly higher (nominal p-value < 0.05) with upadacitinib doses ≥30 mg QD versus the placebo group in patients who failed ≥ 2 biologics or had pancolitis at baseline (Table). Trends of higher proportions of patients achieving clinical remission per Adapted Mayo score, endoscopic improvement, clinical response per Adapted Mayo score, and clinical response per Partial Mayo score were observed with all upadacitinib groups versus placebo in all the sub-analyses.
Discussion: In this dose-ranging induction study, upadacitinib demonstrated greater efficacy compared to placebo with dose response in the more severe and refractory population; significantly greater efficacy was demonstrated with upadacitinib at doses ≥30 mg QD for most of the endpoints evaluated.
Citation: Geert R. D'Haens, MD; James O. Lindsay, MD; Edward V. Loftus, Jr., MD, FACG; Wen Zhou, MD; Fabio Cataldi, MD; Wangang Xie, PhD; David Pugatch, MD; Remo Panaccione, MD, FRCP. P0486 - EFFICACY OF UPADACITINIB AS AN INDUCTION THERAPY IN SEVERE AND REFRACTORY ULCERATIVE COLITIS: SUB-GROUP ANALYSIS OF THE PHASE 2B STUDY U-ACHIEVE. Program No. P0486. ACG 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. San Antonio, Texas: American College of Gastroenterology.