Kamesh Gupta, MBBS1, Bandhul Hans, MBBS2, Saumya Rawat, MBBS3, Kathryn Jobbins, DO, MS4
1University of Massachusetts Medical School - Baystate Medical Center, Springfield, MA; 2Walia Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India; 3Memorial West Hospital, Pembroke Pines, FL; 4Baystate Medical Center, Springfield, MA
Introduction: Amebic liver abscess (ALA) is the most common extraintestinal manifestation of amebiasis with
high mortality rates (20%). Complications include rupture; superinfection; anemia; and rarely vascular thrombosis. Budd-Chiari syndrome is characterized by post-sinusoidal portal hypertension caused by obstruction of either major hepatic veins or the inferior vena cava.
Case Description/Methods: A 54-year-old alcoholic male, with a history of recent travel to India, presented with 2 weeks of fever, vomiting and abdominal pain. On exam, he was febrile, icteric, with generalized abdominal tenderness. Chemistries revealed WBCs 12000/mm 3, total/direct bilirubin 6.5/3 mg/dL, AST/ALT 410/318 U/L, and ALP 310 U/L. USG RUQ showed hepatomegaly with multiple, thick-walled areas of central low attenuation, suspicious for LA. CT confirmed the presence of multiple ALAs along with rupture and delayed filling in the left and middle hepatic veins. Under USG guidance, brownish fluid (anchovy sauce-like) was aspirated and a pigtail catheter was placed. He was started on ceftriaxone and metronidazole for the treatment of pyogenic LA. Fluid serology was positive for Entamoeba histolytica and only metronidazole was continued for 21 days, along with rivaroxaban for six months for the treatment of Budd Chiari syndrome. His liver enzymes normalized in 21 days and a follow-up USG after 48 days of treatment with rivaroxaban showed no evidence of thrombosis in hepatic veins and IVC.
Discussion: ALA should be suspected in patients with fever & jaundice with a history of recent travel to an endemic area. The rates of complications are high, commonest being an abscess rupture. Thrombosis of IVC, hepatic and sometimes right atrium, are rare complications, caused by either direct spread of inflammation or external mechanical compression by the abscess. A diagnosis of Budd-Chiari syndrome should be considered in cases of prolonged fever unresponsive to treatment or ascites with leg edema and collateral abdominal venous circulation. Underlying prothrombotic affection must be excluded. To conclude, identifying a treatable cause of Budd-Chiari syndrome, such as liver abscess, can result in early, effective, and life-saving treatment.
Citation: Kamesh Gupta, MBBS; Bandhul Hans, MBBS; Saumya Rawat, MBBS; Kathryn Jobbins, DO, MS. P0083 - CHEERS TO BUDD: PYOGENIC LIVER ABSCESS COMPLICATED BY ACUTE BUDD-CHIARI SYNDROME. Program No. P0083. ACG 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. San Antonio, Texas: American College of Gastroenterology.