Award: Presidential Poster Award
Harsh D. Patel, MD1, Jared Beck, DO2, Archish Kataria, MD1, Juan Echavarria, MD, MSc3
1University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX; 2Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX; 3University of Texas Health, San Antonio, TX
Introduction: Neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs) are defined epithelial neoplasms with predominant neuroendocrine differentiation. They primarily arise from the gut and bronchopulmonary systems with the possibility of distant metastasis. We present a case of an esophageal neuroendocrine neoplasm with unique endoscopic/radiographic features on presentation disguised as a food impaction.
Case Description/Methods: A 50-year-old Caucasian male with past medical history of tobacco dependence; presented to the ED with complaints of solid food dysphagia for 1.5 months with unintentional weight loss of 15lbs and intractable hiccups.
On arrival, he was hemodynamically stable. Physical exam was unremarkable. Laboratory testing revealed mild normocytic anemia of 12.3, otherwise unremarkable.
An upper endoscopy was performed revealing a large amount of meat in the mid-esophagus; however, after further manipulation there appeared to be bleeding from the mucosa (Image 1). Upon closer inspection, a mass originating from the lateral esophageal wall was caked with food debris giving it the appearance of meat. CT Chest was performed showing a large heterogenous esophageal mass (8.1cm v 5.7cm) extending from the mid-esophagus to the GE junction with no evidence of direct invasion (Image 2). Biopsies returned positive for large cell neuro-endocrine carcinoma with diffuse synaptophysin and Ki67 positivity. PET-CT performed as outpatient showed prominent peri-gastric lymphadenopathy. EUS was attempted but failed due to inability to pass the ultrasound scope. CT surgery subsequently performed a McKeown transthoracic esophagectomy for definitive therapy as outpatient. He recovered well from the procedure with positive radial margins and lymph nodes on pathology and is now undergoing adjuvant radiation and chemotherapy.
Discussion: Esophageal NEC is a rare entity with a generally dismal prognosis when high-grade. A study out of a large volume, tertiary center reported approximately 40 cases over a 20-year period. Given the sparsity of esophageal NECs, most studies are retrospective case series and are from outside the USA. It is reported that esophageal NECs represent only 0.4-1.4% of the gastrointestinal NECs a majority of which arise from the mid-esophagus. To our knowledge, there is no reports of a single case with similar endoscopic and radiographic findings which makes it unique. There is also limited data reported on the endoscopic/phenotypic appearance of large cell neuroendocrine carcinomas of the esophagus.
Citation: Harsh D. Patel, MD; Jared Beck, DO; Archish Kataria, MD; Juan Echavarria, MD, MSc. P0304 - A CASE OF A PRIMARY LARGE CELL NEUROENDOCRINE CARCINOMA OF THE ESOPHAGUS DISGUISED AS A FOOD IMPACTION. Program No. P0304. ACG 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. San Antonio, Texas: American College of Gastroenterology.