Luis R. Valdovinos-Garcia, MD, MSc, Jennifer L. Horsley-Silva, MD, Michael D. Crowell, PhD, Marcelo F. Vela, MD, FACG
Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, AZ
High resolution manometry (HRM) is the gold standard to assess esophageal motility. Functional lumen imaging probe topography (FLIP) performed during EGD assesses esophagogastric junction (EGJ) distensibility and esophageal peristalsis. AIM: evaluate FLIP-HRM agreement and value of FLIP as screening for dysmotility
Methods: Patients with esophageal symptoms underwent FLIP and HRM. FLIP performed with 16-cm balloon; peristaltic response assessed at 30-40-50-60 ml and classified as repetitive antegrade contractions-RACs, repetitive retrograde contractions-RRCs, diminished/disordered contractility, or absent contractility; median EGJ distensibility index (DI) measured at 60 ml was deemed abnormal (< 2 mm2/mmHg), indeterminate (2-3 mm2/mmHg), normal ( > 3 mm2/mmHg). Normal FLIP defined by normal EGJ DI and RACs without RRCs. HRM Chicago classification v3.0 diagnosis was dichotomized as normal/minor disorder (normal, ineffective esophageal motility-IEM, or fragmented peristalsis-FP) or abnormal (achalasia, jackhammer esophagus-JE, distal esophageal spasm-DES, EGJ outflow obstruction-EJGOO, absent contractility). FLIP sensitivity/specificity calculated with HRM as gold standard
HRM and FLIP performed a median 18 days apart in 75 patients, 17-92 yo, 65% F. HRM diagnoses: normal/minor disorder 45% (28% normal, 16% IEM, 1% FP), abnormal 55% (17% absent contractility, 16% achalasia, 15 % EGJOO, 4% JE, 3% DES). FLIP diagnoses: 33% normal, 77% abnormal. When FLIP was normal, HRM showed normal/minor disorder in 58% (53% normal, 5% IEM), absent contractility 26%, JE 11%, EGJOO 5% (no achalasia or DES). Normal FLIP had 80% specificity for normal/minor HRM disorder. When FLIP was abnormal, HRM showed achalasia 21%, normal 20%, IEM 19%, EGOO 18%, absent contractility 14%, DES 4%, JE 2%, FP 2%. FLIP had 80% sensitivity for major motility disorder on HRM and was abnormal in 100% patients with achalasia or DES. A normal EGJ DI by itself had a negative predictive value of 90% for normal/minor HRM disorder
FLIP topography performed during EGD is promising as a screening tool for esophageal dysmotility, with 80% specificity for normal/minor HRM disorder, and 80% sensitivity for major HRM disorder. Normal FLIP during EGD for evaluation of esophageal symptoms may obviate the need for manometry. Likewise, HRM is clearly indicated in patients with abnormal FLIP, with high likelihood of major motility disorder on HRM in these patients
Citation: Luis R. Valdovinos-Garcia, MD, MSc, Jennifer L. Horsley-Silva, MD, Michael D. Crowell, PhD, Marcelo F. Vela, MD, FACG. P0283 - FUNCTIONAL LUMEN IMAGIN PROBE TOPOGRAPHY (FLIP) AS A SCREENING TOOL FOR ESOPHAGEAL DYSMOTILITY: COMPARISON TO HIGH-RESOLUTION MANOMETRY (HRM) IN PATIENT’S WHIT ESOPHAGEAL SYMPTOMS. Program No. P0283. ACG 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts. San Antonio, Texas: American College of Gastroenterology.