Organized Panel Session
This panel examines the extent to which the conservative administrations of Lee Myung-bak and Park Geun-hye implemented extra-institutional politics through politically motivated cultural policies that strategically selected and excluded certain artists, performers, producers, and directors from governmental support for the arts. Film serves significant social and ideological functions, and therefore became an important target of the state’s policing practices of selective funding and promotion (white-listing) and systematic delisting and defunding (black-listing). This panel investigates how the administrations’ black-listing practices attempted to exercise hegemonic domination over creative processes in the film industry and in turn, public opinion formation activities in the public sphere. These practises manifest the political unconscious of the administrations. A government investigation published on May 8, 2018, proves that the two administrations abused their governing prerogatives to wage ideological, partisan warfare against other groups who did not conform their perspectives. Therefore, the understandings of black-and-white listed films offers insights into the Lee and Parks government’s preferred ways of seeing, and how they used control of film to forward their explicit and implicit agendas. By doing so, this panel investigates how the state practiced un-constitutional policies to proliferate and legitimate certain ideological and political biases and perspectives. As an unconstitutional and illegal governing practice, the black-listing policy will be examined from various approaches such as political economy analysis, critical textual analysis, critical discourse analysis, and industry practice analysis by panelists who represent various scholarly atmospheres of U.K., U.S., and South Korea.