Culture and Agriculture
Volunteered - Oral Presentation Session
Rajan Gaur (Panjab University)
amandeep kaur (Panjab University)
Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy of Punjab. Almost more than half of the population depends on agriculture. But now it is in an ailing state of affairs with farmers protesting against the government and many resorting to suicides. Majority of the farmers in Punjab are small and marginal so they are hit hardest by the adversities. Low income, rising cost of inputs, declining water table, poor procurement facilities are the challenges facing the farmers. Income from farming is seasonal and low thus farmers have to borrow money from the moneylenders to meet the expenses and sustain themselves. Climatic variability adds up to these challenges. Unpredictable climate in the form of rain or hailstorms and rising temperature damages the crop causing huge losses to the farmers. The present research has been conducted on farmers from 4 villages of Faridkot Tehsil. Purposive and snowball sampling methods have been used for collecting data. A total of 250 farmers were interviewed to understand the ground realities. It was found that the Minimum Support Prices of the crops were low. The government is emphasizing on diversification but no proper procurement facilities are provided for crops except wheat and rice. There are very few opportunities for farmers to take off farm employment. The need of the hour is to set up a Farmer’s Income Commission, which would balance decisions on effecting costs of production, subsidies, cost of living and prices.