Association for Political and Legal Anthropology
Oral Presentation Session
In March of 1990 after a couple of months of peaceful protests by demonstrators in Ulaanbaatar’s Sukhbaatar Square, Mongolia’s Politburo resigned and several months later multiparty elections were held for the first time in the nation’s history (Rossabi 2005). Bolstered by the support of transitologists, who advocated a swift transition to capitalism, the nation’s free-market capitalists set about orchestrating the liberalisation of Mongolia’s economy (Munkherdene 2018). The shock of these developments along with the concurrent collapse of Mongolia’s former trading partners plunged the nation into years of economic turmoil (Munkh-Erdene 2012). This uncertainty led to economic migration and in the late 1990s, the first Mongolians began to arrive in Los Angeles. As the economy improved in the early 2000s they were joined by many more fellow nationals who sought to take advantage of the city’s higher educational institutions.