General Anthropology Division
Oral Presentation Session
Abstract: The number of people displaced from their homes due to changing climates worldwide, including global warming, increasing number and severity of disasters, expanding development agendas, nationalism, conflict, and more, has grown staggeringly and continues to grow: sixty-eight million in 2017 alone, the largest number for the fifth year in a row, 44,000 every day. Forty percent were displaced internally; sixty to other countries. Forty percent came from developing nations; a surprising sixty from the first world. The phenomena has caused great stress both to the people themselves and to the places and societies to which they have migrated. Considering the alarming and steady increase in the world’s changing climates, the issue will only grow more acute. This panel explores the intricacies suffered by those displaced and why resettlement often proves so difficult. Generally, the bereavement and often intransigence has been treated as if singular in constitution. The focus has been on politics and economics or glassed under a blanket use of “culture.” In actuality, a number of distinct facets make up the disposition of the dilemma. Incorporated are at least three vectors of enduring pain, obduracy, and bewilderment: past, home, and place. All of them combine to make adaptation to new circumstance vexing. While all the threads that make up the duress are personally endured, they also strongly take shape from the structure and ambience set by the culture and society of origin. Covered will be loss of quotidian habit, legacy, expectation, perceptual ambience, duel temporalities, cost, escalated risk and vulnerability. While a people’s past is implicated, so are the present and the future. Pertinent to the issue as crisis grow are vulnerability, sustainability, coping and adaptation. In order to examine the impacts of displacement and increasing resettlement, the panel covers what are usually treated as diverse concerns: the increasing number of climate exiles, disaster survivors, conflict and economic refugees, and groups forcibly extracted from their milieus for other reasons. It further deals with both theoretical approaches and particular case studies.