Clinical Stones: Outcomes

Moderated Poster Session

MP22-17 - Outcomes of endourologic intervention in patients with pre-operative funguria

Saturday, September 22
2:00 PM - 4:00 PM
Location: Room 252B

Introduction & Objective : Funguria is encountered in 1-5% of cultured urine specimens and may be a result of specimen contamination, colonization, or invasive infection. The characteristics and outcomes of patients with funguria undergoing endourologic intervention have not been evaluated.

Methods : A retrospective review was performed to identify patients who had undergone ureteroscopy or percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) with pre-operative funguria, defined as a urine culture containing >10,000 colony forming units of fungus within 30 days of the operation. Patient demographics, comorbidities, and operative characteristics were recorded. Assessed outcomes included rates of post-operative systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), ICU admission, length of stay, and readmission. 

Results : 65 patients with preoperative funguria were identified, 49 (75.4%) who underwent ureteroscopy and 16 (24.6%) who underwent PCNL. 32 patients’ (49.6%) cultures grew Candida albicans, 17 (26.2%) grew Candida glabrata, and 16 (24.6%) grew Candida, species not specified. 43  patients (66.2%) were female, average age was 55.1±18.3 years, BMI was 31.8±11.0, and Charlson Comorbidity Index was 2.52±2.0. 23 patients (35.4%) carried a diagnosis of neurogenic bladder, of whom 16 had an indwelling urethral or suprapubic catheter, 2 intermittently catheterized, and 2 had a urinary diversion. 57 patients (87.7%) had been exposed to antibiotics in the 3 months prior to intervention. 42 patients (64.6%) received antifungal treatment, of whom 8 received one peri-operative dose while 34 received a full course of treatment. 18 (29.2%) patients met SIRS criteria post-operatively and 11 (16.9%) required ICU admission. 3 (4.6%) and 2 (3.1%) patients developed post-operative fungemia and bacteremia, respectively. All cases of fungemia were due to C. glabrata. Of 29 stone cultures performed, 25 (86.2%) grew Candida species. 19 patients (29.2%) were readmitted and no patients died within 30 days. On univariable analysis, presence of an indwelling catheter (p=0.009), a known neurological diagnosis (p=0.02), or C. glabrata on preoperative culture (p=0.04), and longer operative time (p=0.04) were predictive of developing post-operative SIRS. No significant predictors were identified on multivariable analysis. Notably, anti-fungal treatment or lack therof was not associated with post-operative SIRS.

Conclusions : Patients with pre-operative funguria have high rates of comorbid illness, urinary catheterization, and recent exposure to antibiotics. This patient population is at high risk of peri-operative infectious complications after endourologic intervention.

Todd Yecies


Dr. Todd Yecies is a resident physician at UPMC. He is originally from the Bay Area in California. His research interests include assessment and management of the risks of ionizing radiation and cost-effectiveness in the field of endourology.


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    Anand Mohapatra

    Resident Physician
    Department of Urology, University of Pittsburgh

    Anand (Andy) Mohapatra, M.D. is a third-year urology resident at the University of Pittsburgh.


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      Mohamed Yassin


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        Michelle Semins

        Endourology Faculty


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          MP22-17 - Outcomes of endourologic intervention in patients with pre-operative funguria

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