Natural Disasters - Moving Toward Improved Resilience

Full Session with Abstracts

340312-1 - Direct Physical and Social Impacts of the 2016 Hurricane Matthew on the Lumberton Residential Community

Saturday, April 21
10:00 AM - 11:30 AM
Location: 201A

Hurricane Mathew (2016) was a powerful and devastating tropical cyclone that caused widespread destruction and loss of life across the western Atlantic including parts of the southeastern United States. The City of Lumberton, a small and diverse community with 21,500 residents located in the rural coastal plains region of North Carolina, was among the most devastated communities due to major flooding caused by the storm, with some areas receiving 15-18 inches of rain on already saturated ground. The Center of Excellence (CoE) for Risk-Based Community Resilience Planning research team conducted a quick response field study in the City of Lumberton to understand and quantify community resilience and recovery aftermath of the major flooding. Structured surveys on structural damage and household dislocation were created and used to explore physical, economical, and social impacts of major flooding on the Lumberton community. This study focuses on the flood impacts for Lumberton households, presenting the preliminary analyses of the post-disaster data collected on structural damage to residential buildings. Multi-variate loss models have been developed to assess flooding damage to residential structures. Household specific demographic data was analyzed to identify the most important social factors on damage and dislocation patterns. This study is one of the primary studies that show interconnectivity across the direct physical and social impacts of flooding on a residential community. These loss models and outcomes from this study can be used as predictive tools for other US communities , due to the adaptability of the models and outcomes for other context and similarities in residential communities. Of particular note is that the extensive collected data set provides new insight into the level of damage that causes families to dislocate from their residence, as well as the effects that race, ethnicity, and income have on dislocation.

Derya Deniz

Assistant Professor
Ozyegin University

Dr. Derya Deniz is currently an Assistant Professor in the Department of Civil Engineering at Ozyegin University. She graduated from Middle East Technical University with her B.S in Civil Engineering. She received her M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Civil Engineering from University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. In her doctoral dissertation, she worked on seismic risk assessment of structural collapse of building frames. After completion of her Ph.D. study, she joined the University of Colorado, Boulder to work as a research associate for a year on a federally funded project to assess flood damage of several structures that were affected by the 2013 Colorado floods. She then held a postdoctoral fellow position for two years at Colorado State University and worked at the Center for Risk-Based Community Resilience Planning to develop a methodology for community loss and resilience models against disasters. She is currently reviewer for several journals and a committee member for ASCE-Infrastructure Resilience Division (IRD), ASCE SEI Multi-hazard Mitigation, and NIST Community Resilience Panel. She has research interests in community resilience, resilient and sustainable building design, disaster mitigation and post-disaster recovery, earthquake engineering, structural collapse modeling, flood loss analysis, hazard-impact modeling, and structural risk and reliability.


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340312-1 - Direct Physical and Social Impacts of the 2016 Hurricane Matthew on the Lumberton Residential Community

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