Poster Topical Area: Obesity

Location: Hall D

Poster Board Number: 657

P23-030 - Body Composition Assessment of Undergraduate Students by Anthropometry

Sunday, Jun 10
8:00 AM – 6:00 PM

Body Composition Assessment of Undergraduate Students by Anthropometry

Ayemhenre Esekheigbe, Ignatius Akhakhia Onimawo and Adekanle Edith





Objective

The main aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of obesity and overweight in University students using Anthropometric analysis



Methods

This study was conducted at the Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma in Southern Nigeria.

. A total of 385 university students, 185 males and 200 females participated in the study. Anthropometric measurements were obtained for each subject upon entry into the study. Height was measured using a wall-mounted stadiometer, weight was measured using an electronic scale and Body Mass Index calculated.. Hip and waist circumferences were measured using a measuring tape. A Lange skinfold caliper was used to measure skinfold thickness around the biceps, triceps, subscapular and suprailiac regions from which body fat percentage was calculated.


Results

From the calculated BMI values, 37 (18.5%) of female subjects were underweight which is closely related to the 34 (18.34%) obtained for males. 13.5% of the females were overweight compared to the 8.65% of the males. 2.5% and 1.62% of females and males respectively were obese. A good number of the students were found to have normal weight as indicated by the 65.5% and 71% recorded for the females and male subjects respectively.



Percentage body fat was 33.33% in females and 10.90% in males. The female subjects had a waist and hip circumference of 30.14 ±3.24cm and 37.90 ± 2.93cm respectively. The male counterparts recorded waist and hip circumferences of 31.40 ± 3.17cm and 35.20 ± 4.5cm respectively. On the basis of waist to hip ratio, 136 (68%) of the females studied were at low (L) risk of developing cardiovascular diseases compared to a higher value of 153 (82.70%) of the male population. Correspondingly, higher percentages of females had moderate (M) and high (H) risks (19% and 13% respectively) compared to the 13.51% and 3.78% respectively obtained for the males.



Conclusion

Most of the students were found to have normal weight and are at low risk of developing cardiovascular diseases suggestive of good dietary pattern and high physical activity. However, there is room for improvement particularly among the female population.

Keywords

Anthropometry, Body composition









Funding Source: Funding was from the authors and the University

CoAuthors: Onimawo Ignatius, Ph.D – Ambrose Alli Univercity; Edith Adekanle, M.Sc – Ambrose Alli University

Ayemhenre Esekheigbe

Senior Lecturer
Ambrose Alli Uniersity, Ekpoma
Ekpoma, Edo, Nigeria