Poster Topical Area: Maternal, Perinatal and Pediatric Nutrition

Location: Hall D

Poster Board Number: 309

P13-051 - Anthropometry and Recipe Acceptability in Breastfeeding Mothers and Their Infants Targeted for a Multiple Biofortified Food Crop Intervention

Sunday, Jun 10
8:00 AM – 6:00 PM

Objectives. A multiple biofortified food crop trial among young children and their mothers is planned in India. We sought to determine the potential to benefit from intervention in this population by assessing anthropometry and acceptability of recipes prepared with multiple biofortified foods including pearl millet, wheat, lentils, and sweet potato.

Methods. Recipes were developed containing crops to be used in an intervention trial. Mother-child pairs were recruited in a preliminary phase. Weight and height/length were determined in all participants. Mothers and children were separately individually randomized in a crossover design to receive recipes made from either control or biofortified crops. For children, food intake was measured and averaged over a three day period per recipe and crop variety. For mothers, a 9-point hedonic scale was used to evaluate color, odor, taste, and overall acceptability. Outcome means were compared using two-tailed t-tests.

Results. Children's mean ± SD height-for-age Z-score was -1.6 ± 1.5, with 41% < -2. Mean weight-for-length Z score was -0.5 ± 1.4 with 9.4% < -2. For mothers, 25% had BMI < 18.5 while 33% were > 25. For children's food intake, there was no difference in the intake of biofortified vs. control crop (48.3 ± 26.5 vs. 50.9 ± 24.6 g, respectively, P = 0.70). Mean hedonic scores for color, odor, taste, or overall did not differ for any recipe (P ≥ 0.12); combined overall acceptability score was 8.6 ± 0.1.

Conclusions. In this pilot study, we have confirmed a significant burden of malnutrition in this population, indicating a potential to benefit from consuming a diet developed with multiple biofortified crops. Recipes piloted were acceptable and did not show any differences between biofortified and control varieties.

Funding Source:

Supported by HarvestPlus

CoAuthors: Vincent Bonam – Arogyavaram Medical Centre; Varsha Thakker – Medical Research Centre, Kasturba Health Society; Jere Haas – Cornell University; Shobha Udipi – Medical Research Centre, Kasturba Health Society; Wesley Bonam – Arogyavaram Medical Centre; Julia Finkelstein – Cornell University; Saurabh Mehta – Cornell University

Bryan M. Gannon

Postdoctoral fellow
Cornell University
Ithaca, New York