Poster Topical Area: Maternal, Perinatal and Pediatric Nutrition
Location: Hall D
Poster Board Number: 309
Objectives. A multiple biofortified food crop trial among young children and their mothers is planned in India. We sought to determine the potential to benefit from intervention in this population by assessing anthropometry and acceptability of recipes prepared with multiple biofortified foods including pearl millet, wheat, lentils, and sweet potato.
Methods. Recipes were developed containing crops to be used in an intervention trial. Mother-child pairs were recruited in a preliminary phase. Weight and height/length were determined in all participants. Mothers and children were separately individually randomized in a crossover design to receive recipes made from either control or biofortified crops. For children, food intake was measured and averaged over a three day period per recipe and crop variety. For mothers, a 9-point hedonic scale was used to evaluate color, odor, taste, and overall acceptability. Outcome means were compared using two-tailed t-tests.
Results. Children's mean ± SD height-for-age Z-score was -1.6 ± 1.5, with 41% < -2. Mean weight-for-length Z score was -0.5 ± 1.4 with 9.4% < -2. For mothers, 25% had BMI < 18.5 while 33% were > 25. For children's food intake, there was no difference in the intake of biofortified vs. control crop (48.3 ± 26.5 vs. 50.9 ± 24.6 g, respectively, P = 0.70). Mean hedonic scores for color, odor, taste, or overall did not differ for any recipe (P ≥ 0.12); combined overall acceptability score was 8.6 ± 0.1.
Conclusions. In this pilot study, we have confirmed a significant burden of malnutrition in this population, indicating a potential to benefit from consuming a diet developed with multiple biofortified crops. Recipes piloted were acceptable and did not show any differences between biofortified and control varieties.
Supported by HarvestPlus
Ithaca, New York