Poster Topical Area: Community and Public Health Nutrition
Poster Board Number: 27
Objective: To evaluate food insecurity level and its relationship with nutritional status, dietary intake and biochemical parameters related to CVD and T2DM in women from Culiacan, Sinaloa, Mexico.
Methods: Fifty-two women beneficiaries of a food assistance program were included in a descriptive study to assess food insecurity level (FIL) using the Food Security Scale for Latin America and the Caribbean (ELCSA). Nutritional status was classified by normal weight (BMI 18.50-24.99) overweight (BMI ≥ 25) and obese (BMI ≥30). Energy and macronutrients intake (carbohydrates, proteins and fat) was estimated by analyzing two 24-hour dietary recall. Glucose and lipid profile were measured from a blood sample after 12 hours of fasting. Data were evaluated in IBM SPSS Statistics V22.0, associations were determinate using chi-squared test, a p < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant.
Results: The average age of population was 34.7 years old. FIL was found in 84.6% of the population (42.3%, 26.9% and 15.4% have mild, moderate and severe food insecurity, respectively). Nutritional status was identified in 28.8%, 26.9% and 44.2% with normal weight, overweight and obese, respectively.
A statistically significant association was found between FIL and nutritional status (p < 0.05) as well as FIL and high carbohydrates intake (p < 0.05).
There were no significant association between FIL with glucose, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglycerides serum concentration.
Conclusions: The mostly food insecurity level presented was mild (42.3%). It was observed statistically significant association between nutritional status and hypertriglyceridemia but not with a high carbohydrate intake, however this condition can be attributed to other factors such as environmental or genetic but not to dietary intake.
Erick Fernando Angulo-Cárdenas
Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa
Culiacán, Sinaloa, Mexico