Poster Topical Area: Community and Public Health Nutrition

Location: Auditorium

Poster Board Number: 27

P06-006 - Association between food insecurity level and nutritional status, dietary intake and biochemical parameters.

Monday, Jun 11
8:00 AM – 3:00 PM

Objective:  To evaluate food insecurity level and its relationship with nutritional status, dietary intake and biochemical parameters related to CVD and T2DM in women from Culiacan, Sinaloa, Mexico.   


Methods: Fifty-two women beneficiaries of a food assistance program were included in a descriptive study to assess food insecurity level (FIL) using the Food Security Scale for Latin America and the Caribbean (ELCSA). Nutritional status was classified by normal weight (BMI 18.50-24.99) overweight (BMI ≥ 25) and obese (BMI ≥30). Energy and macronutrients intake (carbohydrates, proteins and fat) was estimated by analyzing two 24-hour dietary recall. Glucose and lipid profile were measured from a blood sample after 12 hours of fasting. Data were evaluated in IBM SPSS Statistics V22.0, associations were determinate using chi-squared test, a p < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant.  

Results:
The average age of population was 34.7 years old. FIL was found in 84.6% of the population (42.3%, 26.9% and 15.4% have mild, moderate and severe food insecurity, respectively).  Nutritional status was identified in 28.8%, 26.9% and 44.2% with normal weight, overweight and obese, respectively.  

A statistically significant association was found between FIL and nutritional status (p < 0.05) as well as FIL and high carbohydrates intake (p < 0.05).

There were no significant association between FIL with glucose, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglycerides serum concentration.

Conclusions: The mostly food insecurity level presented was mild (42.3%). It was observed statistically significant association between nutritional status and hypertriglyceridemia but not with a high carbohydrate intake, however this condition can be attributed to other factors such as environmental or genetic but not to dietary intake.

 

 


CoAuthors: Monica Lizzette Castro-Acosta – Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa; Francisco Cabrera-Chavez – Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa; Dora Alicia Ochoa-Acosta – Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa; Marcela de Jesús Vergara-Jimenez – Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa

Erick Fernando Angulo-Cárdenas

Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa
Culiacán, Sinaloa, Mexico