Poster Topical Area: Global Nutrition
Location: Hall D
Poster Board Number: 543
Objectives: To determine the level of nutritional knowledge, dietary pattern, nutritional status and factors associated with the dietary pattern and status of diabetic patients attending teaching hospitals in Lagos.
Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among diabetic patients attending the out-patient clinics of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital and Lagos State University Teaching Hospital. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 342 respondents. Pre-tested interviewer administered questionnaires and food frequency questionnaire were used. Body mass index (BMI) was also assessed. Data analysis was done with Epi-Info and SPSS. Chi-square and Fisher's exact were used to determine the association between variables.
Result: The mean age of the respondents was 59.59 ±12.969 with about two-thirds (64.6%) being females. More than a quarter (34.8%) were petty traders and majority had gone beyond the primary level of education. For the overall level of nutritional knowledge, only 37.0% had good knowledge. Dietary pattern showed processed was mostly consumed daily (27.2%). Starchy foods such as rice (50.3%), bread (60.3%), yam (62.9%) were mostly consumed 1-3 times a week compared to legumes. Fish was consumed (33.0%) than meat and poultry. The consumption of non-starchy vegetables such as fruits and vegetables among the respondents was very low as the daily consumption was 12.3%, 23.4%, 20.8%, 15.5% for fruits, leafy vegetables, non-leafy (cooked), non-leafy (raw) respectively. Anthropometric assessment showed that majority (74.0%) of the respondents were overweight and obese, with females (47.5%) being more obese than the males (24.0%). The mean BMI of males and females were 27.12±4.69 and 30.09 ±6.07 respectively. There was no association between the respondents' socio demographic characteristics and knowledge of nutrition. However, there was a significant association between the Sex, diet counseling and BMI.
Conclusion : The nutritional knowledge was low and food consumption pattern showed that starchy foods were frequently consumed while fruits and vegetables were rarely consumed. Prevalence of overweight and obesity was high therefore nutrition intervention programs would be of great benefit to the diabetic patients.
College of Medicine of The University of Lagos
Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria