Poster Topical Area: Obesity

Location: Hall D

Poster Board Number: 679

P23-052 - Associations of Sleep Quality/Quantity, Obesity and Diabetes Status: Results from NHANES

Sunday, Jun 10
8:00 AM – 6:00 PM

Poor sleeping patterns can lead to obesity by elevating ghrelin levels, decreasing leptin concentrations, influencing insulin resistance, and inducing cravings for calorie-dense foods. This study investigates how obesity and diabetes are associated with sleep quality and quantity in a female population aged 18 years or older. The study hypothesizes that higher BMI and diabetes are associated with both short sleep duration and low sleep quality, and those are likely to influence insulin resistance in participants. Four cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) between 2001 and 2008 are used because of data availability (n=12,650). Subjects are placed into the categories based on their body mass index (BMI), prediabetes and diabetes. Furthermore, subjects who have a homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) score >3 are defined as having insulin resistance since this puts them at a greater risk for obesity and type-2 diabetes. Statistical analysis is performed by multivariate regression analysis. The study finds a positive association of poor sleep quality and short sleep duration with obesity and type-2 diabetes. The study also shows a positive association between participants’ BMI and HOMA score. The prevalence of obesity and type-2 diabetes in the United States has been on an incline, but these are preventable conditions. Considering the cost of poor health management is higher for individuals with the conditions, it is important to understand the effect of poor lifestyle as a key indicator of the recommended health management.


CoAuthors: Ashley Mattson – Alma College

Hyun Kim

Assistant Professor
Alma College
Alma, Michigan