Poster Topical Area: Nutrition Education and Behavioral Sciences
Poster Board Number: 209
Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility of a nutrition and social behavior management pilot program delivered among underserved male youth (10 to 11 years of age) in the Mississippi (MS) Delta.
Methods: The study targeted a tri-county area of the MS Delta and was guided and developed by a community-academic partnership involving community health advisors (CHAs), and university faculty, staff and athletics. The program included 16 interactive sessions developed based on the social cognitive theory and delivered during the school year. CHAs were responsible for participant recruitment, securing intervention sites and mentorship of college athletes. College athletes were trained as interventionists to deliver the program to and mentor 5th grade boys. Self-efficacy and social support for dietary behaviors, self-esteem, dietary behavior change intention and Block Kids Food Frequency Questionnaire were measured among youth participants at baseline, mid- and post-intervention.
Results: Twelve CHAs and 10 college athletes participated as mentors in the program. Thirty-three boys were enrolled, and 30 completed data collection at baseline from two counties; 14 additional participants were enrolled in a third county at mid-point. Baseline participants were African American enrolled in the 5th grade, between 9 and 12 years old, with household yearly incomes less than $40,000. Baseline mean(+/-standard deviation) scores were: 9.3(3.08) healthy eating intention, 17.97(5.06) healthy eating self-efficacy, 9.80(5.11) social support from friends, 13.13(5.05) social support from role model, and 15.36(4.32) self-esteem. Mean average daily intakes(+/-standard deviation) were: 1.67(1.27) cups fruits/fruit juice, 1.22(1.42) cups non-starchy vegetables, 1.08(0.90) ounces whole grains, 19.90(15.02) teaspoons of added sugar, and 3080.81(2494.41) kilocalories.
Conclusions: Baseline participants did not meet USDA recommendations for whole grains, non-starchy vegetables, added sugars and kilocalories per day. This study will examine the impact of a dietary and social behavior program on dietary self-efficacy, intentions and social support, self-esteem and dietary behaviors.
University of Southern Mississippi