Poster Topical Area: Maternal, Perinatal and Pediatric Nutrition
Location: Hall D
Poster Board Number: 312
Objectives: To explore the relationships between adult food choice values and child dietary intakes and to identify child and family characteristics associated with stronger food choice values.
Methods:Cross-sectional analysis of the NHANES 2009-2010 FCBS-Child Module. Eligible respondents were adults with a child aged 1-15 years (n=2421). Average daily intakes of fruit, vegetables, dairy and added sugar among children were assessed using two 24-hr diet recalls. Adult food choice values were assessed using five survey items about the importance of (1) nutrition, (2) price, (3) taste, (4) convenience, and (5) food durability. Additional covariates included child and adult demographic characteristics. Associations were examined using multiple logistic and linear regression models, with a p-value of 0.05 for all models.
Results: Higher importance of nutrition among adult respondents was significantly associated with higher intakes of fruit (p=0.018) and lower intakes of added sugar (p=0.014) among children. Children whose parents reported a higher importance of food durability consumed less added sugar (p=0.049). In contrast, children whose parents reported a higher importance of taste consumed more added sugar (p=0.04). Adult respondents with less than high school education were significantly more likely to value convenience (OR: 1.73, p=.039) and food durability (OR: 2.82, p<.0001) compared to respondents with higher education levels. Non-Hispanic black, Mexican-American, and Hispanic children were significantly more likely to have parents who highly valued nutrition, convenience, food durability as compared to children from non-Hispanic white families (p<0.05 for all). Child age was positively associated with respondents valuing price (OR: 1.03, p=.039), but negatively associated with respondents valuing nutrition (OR: 0.94, p=.002).
Conclusions: Findings suggest that adult food choice values may impact the nutritional quality of children’s diets and these values vary significantly based on sociodemographic characteristics of both adults and children. Future interventions to improve child dietary intake should consider parents’ food choice values, paying particular attention to racial/ethnic differences in food choice.
Ithaca, New York