Poster Topical Area: Nutritional Epidemiology

Location: Hall D

Poster Board Number: 825

P20-154 - Associations between Ready-to-Eat Cereal Intake and Nutrient Intake in Children 6 months to 5 years: Results from NHANES 2009-2014.

Monday, Jun 11
8:00 AM – 3:00 PM

Investigating the association between key foods consumed by children in infancy and early childhood and health is important for informing upcoming dietary guidelines, U.S. dietary policy, and public health. Ready-to-eat cereal (RTEC) is a common first food for infants and is commonly consumed by young children. Objective: Here, we characterized the association between RTEC consumption and nutrient intakes in infants (6 to 24 months) and preschool children (2-5 years).
Methods:
Using data from three cycles (2009-2010, 2011-2012, and 2013-2014) of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), we classified infants (age 6 months to 24 months; n=1,160) and preschool children (age 2 years to 5 years; n=2,372) as RTEC eaters or non-eaters based on one-day surrogate-completed 24-hour dietary recalls. Study weights were applied based on survey methodology published by NHANES. Differences between RTEC eaters and non-eaters for each age group were evaluated using t-test with p<0.05 considered significant.
Results:
35% (n=345) and 48% (n=1,146) of children 6 to 24 months and 2-5 years, respectively, reported eating RTEC. RTEC eaters 6 to 24 months had higher (compared to non-eaters) total daily energy intake as well as calcium, fiber, magnesium, potassium, protein, zinc, whole grains, vitamin E, and B vitamins but they also had higher sodium and added sugar intake (all p<0.05). RTEC eaters 2-5 years old had the same calorie intake as non-RTEC eaters but higher calcium, fiber, iron, magnesium, vitamin A, vitamin D, zinc, whole grains and B vitamin intake (all p<0.05). Sodium, added sugar, and saturated fat did not differ. Among RTEC eaters, RTEC contributed 50% of daily whole grain intake for children 6-24 months, and 44% of whole grain intake for children 2-5 years. In additional, RTEC was an important source of iron and B-vitamins. RTEC and milk together provided 33% of vitamin D intake and 18% of daily calcium intake in children 2-5 years who consumed RTEC. Lastly, there was no significant difference in BMI z-score for RTEC eaters and non-eaters for children 2-5 years.
Conclusion:
RTEC is a popular source of important nutrients and whole grains for infants and young children. There is no evidence that RTEC intake is associated with a detrimental effect on body weight.




Funding Source: This study was funded by the Bell Institute of Health, Nutrition and Food Safety and General Mills, Inc..

CoAuthors: Neha Jain, M.Sc. – General Mills, Inc; Vipra Vanage, M.Sc. – General Mills, Inc; Farhat Pathan, M.Sc. – General Mills, Inc.; Mitesh Sharma, M.Sc. – General Mills, Inc.; Elizabeth Bell, Ph.D. – General Mills, Inc.; Nort Holschuh, B.A. – General Mills, Inc.; Kathy Wiemer, M.Sc. – General Mills, Inc.

Jessica D. Smith

Senior Scientist
General Mills, Inc.
Golden Valley, Minnesota