Poster Topical Area: Nutritional Epidemiology
Location: Hall D
Poster Board Number: 750
Objectives: To assess the associations between acute stress domains and added sugar intake, an indicator of poor diet quality, among first-year college students. Stress is experienced by over half of all college students, especially freshman, and has been associated with dietary patterns, health, and academic performance.
Methods: Four validated stress domains were assessed by the Acute Stress Questionnaire 1) Social (relationship with friends, roommates, classmates, and recreation activities), 2) Authority (relationship with parents, professors, and transportation), 3) Home (work, finances, relationship with significant other), and 4) School (schoolwork and time management). Each domain has a Likert scale score range of 0 (no stress) to 4 (high stress) with score (mean, range) as follows: Social (0.79, 0 – 2.80), Authority (0.5, 0 – 2.66), Home (0.91, 0 – 3.66) and School (1.98, 0 – 4). Added sugar intake, assessed by the Harvard FFQ, was dichotomized (< = vs > American Heart Association [AHA] recommendations, 25g added sugar/d for women, 36g/d for men). Linear regression analysis evaluated cross-sectional associations between added sugar and each stress domain among men (n=65) and women (n=150) (mean age 18.9 yrs) in the UMHCS, a study of diet, physical activity, and health.
Results: Among men and women, added sugar intake > AHA was associated with higher stress for Social (1.80 unit increase, p=0.03) and Home (1.97, p=0.05) domains. The association with Social remained significant adjusted for age and sex (P=0.04), but not with further adjustment for total energy (p=0.45). The association with home domain was no longer significant in the adjusted models. No significant associations were found with the Authority or School domains.
In sex-stratified analyses, added sugar intake > AHA was associated with higher stress for the Authority domain (1.22 unit increase, p=0.03) among women but not men, in models adjusted for age, BMI and total income, but were no longer significant with further adjustment of total energy. No associations were found for the other domains.
Conclusions: Our results suggest no associations between four domains of acute stress and added sugar among first-year college students.
University of Massachusetts Amherst