Poster Topical Area: Community and Public Health Nutrition
Poster Board Number: 170
Objectives: To describe characteristics of individuals in a collegiate recovery program and investigate correlates of mental health and eating patterns prior to a nutrition intervention.
Methods: A 76-item survey was distributed to individuals in a Collegiate Recovery program that included the Eating Pattern Questionnaire, Beck Anxiety Inventory, PHQ-9, Brief COPE, Severity of Dependence Scale, Brief Substance Craving Scale, and Brief Resilience Score. Individuals were asked to report their overall health, height, and weight. Frequency and bivariate analyses were conducted to determine significance of variables.
Results: Responses (n=9) had a mean anxiety score of 13.67 ± 12.58 and a mean depression score of 8.56 ± 5.77. Individuals with unhealthier eating patterns were more likely to show mild depression symptoms (p=.0170) and mild to moderate anxiety symptoms (p=.0219). Individuals with higher resilience scores showed less use of unhealthy coping mechanisms, including denial (p=.0491), substance abuse (p=.0247), and behavioral disengagement (p=.0182). Individuals with higher anxiety and depression symptoms showed more use of unhealthy coping mechanisms, including self-blame (p=.0314 and p=.0454, respectively) and behavioral disengagement (p=.0448).
Conclusions: These results indicate the potential influence of eating behaviors, coping behaviors, and resilience on improving mental health disorder symptoms and recovery outcomes. Future work will analyze the effects of implementing a nutrition intervention to further enhance recovery.
West Virginia University
Morgantown, West Virginia