Poster Topical Area: Global Nutrition
Location: Hall D
Poster Board Number: 548
Objectives: Overweight or obese breast cancer patients have higher risk of developing other co-morbidities such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, as well as a higher risk of death when compared to patients who maintain a healthy weight. Physical activity is associated with enhanced quality of life and overall recovery from treatment for breast cancer patients. Breast cancer accounts for about 16% of all cancers in Ghana and is the commonest female cancer in the country. The aim of this study was to determine the body fat composition and physical activity levels of breast cancer patients in a tertiary hospital in Ghana.
Methodology:A cross-sectional study was conducted among breast cancer patients attending radiotherapy sessions at a tertiary hospital in Ghana. Anthropometric data; height, BMI, body fat, visceral fat and waist circumference were measured using standard procedures. International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was used to assess physical activity levels of participants. Data analyses were performed using SPSS version 20.0.
Results: Sixty-three women participated in the study with mean age being 53.6 ± 11.6 years. Compared to standard reference values, majority of participants; were obese (52.4 %, n=33), had very high body fat (65.1%, n=41), high visceral fat (54%, n=41) and high waist circumference (92.1%, n=58). Majority of participants (80.4%, n=43) were inactive according to IPAQ classification. Only 5% of participants had ever seen a dietitian.
Conclusions: This study revealed high levels of body fat and physical inactivity among breast cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy treatment in a hospital in Ghana, with only few patients receiving care from a dietitian. Breast cancer patients in Ghana will benefit from dietetic interventions to equip them with knowledge and skills to make healthier nutrition and lifestyle choices in order to reduce the risk of development of co-morbid conditions and mortality, and enhance their quality of life.
University of Ghana
Accra, Greater Accra, Ghana