Poster Topical Area: Aging and Chronic Disease
Poster Board Number: 58
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the relation between cognitive functions, food consumption and anthropometric measurements of people aged 50 years and over.
METHOD: The study population consisted of 541 free-living Turkish Cypriots aged 50 years and over. Participants randomly selected from different cities of North Cyprus between years 2016- 2017 and none of them had any type of diagnosed neurological disorders. Study questionnaire is divided into 4 sections that cover, general information, Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (QFFQ) and anthropometric measurements. The study is approved by the Eastern Mediterranean University Scientific Research and Publication Ethics Committee (project number: ETK00-2016-0042).
RESULT: It was found that 69.69% and 30.31% of subjects are women and men respectively. The mean age of participants was 60±8.71 years. According to MMSE scores 1% , 20% and 79% of the subjects had severe cognitive impairement , mild cognitive impairement and normal cognitive functions respectively. A weak and negative correlation was found between age and MMSE scores (r:-0.3, p:0.00) so MMSE scores decrease with age. A weak and positive correlation was found between the consumption of fermented milk product (r:0.11, p:0.01), red meat (r:0.09, p:0.03), canned tuna fish (r:0.09, p:0.03), legumes (r:0.12, p:0.00), dark green leafy vegetables (r:0.2, p:0.00), olive (r:0.13, p:0.00), olive oil (r:0.09, p:0.03), coffee (r:0.12, p:0.00) and MMSE scores. On the contrary, a weak and negative correlation was found between the consumption of vegetable oil (r:-0.1, p:0.03). Besides food consumption, anthropometric measurements of subjects were also analyzed. A weak and negative correlation was found between waist circumference (r:-0.12, p:0.01), total body fat percentage (r:-0.2, p:0.00) whereas a weak and positive correlation was found between right hand (r:0.24, p:0.00) , left hand (r:0.21, p:0.00) grip strength and MMSE scores.
CONCLUSION: Adequate and balanced nutrition and dietary diversity as well as conservation of lean mass and prevention of abdominal obesity could be beneficial for healthy cognitive functions.
Eastern Mediterranean University
Famagusta, Northern Cyprus, Cyprus