Poster Topical Area: Nutritional Epidemiology
Location: Hall D
Poster Board Number: 801
Objective Despite the burden of cardiometabolic diseases(CMDs) attributable to dietary and metabolic risks in Korea has increased, few studies have estimated how changes in diet and metabolic risks have contributed to these burdens. The purpose of this study was to compare the risk of dietary and metabolic factors contributing to CMDs mortality in Korea, and to provide detailed information on the recent increasing burden of disease.
Method Distribution of 8 dietary and 4 metabolic risk factors and cause-specific mortality by sex and age per year was obtained from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and Statistics Korea, respectively. The relative risks for the effects of the risk factors on the CMD mortality were obtained from published meta-analyses. The population-attributable fraction (PAF) for the risk factors was calculated by using comparative risk assessment approach across sex and age groups during 2012-2016.
Results Among the metabolic risk factors, the CMDs mortality attributable to high body mass index (BMI) [14328 deaths; uncertainty intervals (UIs): 14156-14507] and systolic blood pressure (sBP) [10560 deaths; UIs: 10309-10799] were not only the largest but also increasing trend. Low intake of fruits [10408 deaths; UIs: 9416-11312] were the major dietary risks for CMDs mortality in Korean adults. When stratified by gender, the PAF of high sBP was decreasing trend only in women contrastively in men. For dietary risks, PAFs of CMD mortality attributable to low intake of fruits and high intake of red meats were higher in women than men. PAs of low intake of vegetables and high intake of red meats factor have shown to be increasing trend in total population.
Conclusion The results indicate that metabolic and dietary risk factors were important contributors to CMD mortality in Korea. These can provide the information to development of the evidence-based national government policies to manage major risk factors and prevent the mortality from CMDs in Korea.
Seoul, Seoul-t'ukpyolsi, Republic of Korea