Poster Topical Area: Community and Public Health Nutrition
Poster Board Number: 98
To describe dietary intake of young children from Guam who participated in the CHL (Children's Healthy Living) Program study.
A cross-sectional study of baseline data of children (n=865), ages 2-8 yrs., were recruited on Guam. Collected data included measured body size, food intake, questionnaire data physical activity, other lifestyle behaviors, and demographics. Parents/caregivers completed food logs of everything their children ate and drank for two randomly assigned days. Race included all race/ethnic groups and classification prioritized indigenous ethnic groups to the jurisdiction for mixed ethnicity. Among the 667 children included in this data, 655 had valid measurements of body mass index (BMI) and were included in this analysis.
Of the children surveyed, 667 food logs were completed, returned, and included in this analysis. This sample included 340 (50.9%) boys and 327 (49%) girls. The breakdown of ethnicity for the 667 children completing food logs includes: Chamorro n=444 (66.6%), Other Pacific Islander (Other PI) n=156(23.4%), Filipino n=61(9.1%), and Others n=6(0.9%). Other Pacific Islanders include Chuukese, Kosraean, Marshallese, Yapese, Palauan, and Pohnpeian. Among them, 464 of 655 children were healthy weight, 84 were overweight, 88 were obese, and 19 were underweight. 47 of 151 Other PI (31.1%) fell into the overweight and obese category. Of the 436 children considered Chamorro, 107 (24.5%) fell into the overweight and obese category. Of the 60 Filipino children, 18 (30%) fell into the overweight and obese category.
Data indicate high intakes of sugar sweetened beverages, grains, meat (oz/d), total energy intake, protein (g/day), total carbohydrates, total fat, saturated fat, iron, zinc, vitamin A, and sodium. Overall, intakes were low in fruit, vegetables, milk, dietary fiber and calcium intake. Chamorro children consumed 206 g/d of sugar-sweetened beverage. Among ethnic groups, Filipinos had high intake of grain, total energy expressed in kcals, protein, total carbohydrates, total fat, saturated fat, and sodium.
Diets of young children on Guam were poor in fruit, vegetables milk, dietary fiber and calcium. These findings will help provide a basis to which to build nutritional interventions appropriate for these ethnic populations.
University of Hawaii at Manoa