Poster Topical Area: Nutritional Epidemiology
Location: Hall D
Poster Board Number: 773
Objectives: This study aimed to assess the association between diet quality, weight status and frequency of foods away from home (FAFH) among Taiwanese adults. To explore whether higher frequency of FAFH was related to higher body mass index (BMI) and poorer diet quality.
Methods: Cross-sectional study conducted between May 2017 and January 2018, including 111 subjects (female:62, male:49) aged between 30 and 70 living in Taipei, Taiwan. Food consumption was assessed by using an online food frequency questionnaire (Online FFQ). Body weight, body fat, BMI, and waist circumference were measured by body composition analyzer (IOI 353). Dietary quality was evaluated by 2011 Taiwanese Dietary Guidelines and was scored from 0 to 100.
Results: The mean frequency of FAFH among Taiwanese adults was 9.7±5.8 times per week. The mean BMI and dietary quality scores were 24.5±4.0 kg/m2and 65.0±9.3. Subjects in the highest quartile of FAFH frequency (>13.5 times/week) consumed less whole grains (p=0.008) and nuts and seeds (p=0.005) and had higher added sugar intakes (p=0.04) then those who in the lowest quartile (<5.5 times/week). Subjects in the highest and third quartile of FAFH frequency had lower diet quality score of whole grains (p=0.002) than those in the lowest quartile. Whereas, the total diet quality scores were not significantly different among quartiles.
Conclusions: Subjects who had higher frequencies of foods away from home ate less whole grains, nuts and seeds and more added sugar; also had lower dietary quality score of whole grains.
Fu Jen University, New Taipei City, Taiwan.
New Taipei, New Taipei, Taiwan (Republic of China)