Poster Topical Area: Nutritional Epidemiology

Location: Hall D

Poster Board Number: 813

P20-131 - Diet quality, excess body weight, and cardiometabolic risk factors in adolescents living in São Paulo and Hispanics/Latinos in the USA

Monday, Jun 11
8:00 AM – 3:00 PM

Objectives: Diet-disease associations may vary by population. We aimed to compare diet quality and its association with excess body weight (EBW: overweight and obesity), central adiposity (CA), and cardiovascular disease risk factors (CVDR) among Brazilian adolescents from São Paulo, Brazil and Hispanic/Latino adolescents from USA.
Cross-sectional data from adolescents aged 12-16y was analyzed from The Health Survey of São Paulo (HSP; n=189), and The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latino Youth (SOL-Youth; n=787). Socioeconomic, anthropometric, clinical, and lifestyle data were collected in person and by phone. EBW was defined using World Obesity Federation cutoffs; CA was defined as waist circumference > 90th sex- and age-specific percentile; and CVDR was categorized as ≥ 3 of: obesity, high systolic or diastolic blood pressure, dyslipidemia, high fasting plasma glucose or hemoglobin A1c, or insulin resistance. Food intake was assessed by two 24-hour dietary recalls and NCI method was used to estimate usual intake. Diet quality was defined using the Alternate Healthy Eating Index-2010 (AHEI) and the Revised Brazilian Healthy Eating Index (BHEI-R). Adjusted odds ratios (95% CI) for EBW, CA, and CVDR by diet quality index were tested using logistic regression models. Results: Prevalence (95% CI) of EBW, CA, and CVDR was 28.7% (21.7, 35.7), 6.5% (2.9, 10.1), and 18.8% (12.9, 24.7) in HSP and 42.5% (37.5, 47.5), 12.6% (9.5, 15.6), and 17.2% (14.2, 20.3) in SOL-Youth. HSP participants with EBW (vs. without) had marginally lower (unhealthier) scores for whole grains and sugary beverages using BHEI-R. SOL-Youth participants with EBW had lower scores of nuts and legumes using AHEI, and sodium using BHEI-R, but higher scores of whole grains and dairy using BHEI-R. In HSP, BHEI-R was inversely associated with EBW (0.87; 0.80, 0.95) and CVDR (0.89; 0.80, 0.98) and AHEI was marginally associated with CA (0.90; 0.79, 1.02). In SOL-Youth, AHEI was inversely associated with EBW (0.93; 0.87, 0.99). No other associations were significant.
Healthier diet quality was associated with lower odds of EBW in Brazilian and USA-Hispanic/Latino adolescents and with lower CVDR in Brazilian adolescents, especially when measuring diet quality with indexes applicable to each population.

Funding Source: •National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (K01-HL120951, N01-HC65233, N01-HC65234, N01-HC65235, N01-HC65236, N01-HC65237) •National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities •National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders •National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research •National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases •National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke •NIH Institution-Office of Dietary Supplements •São Paulo Municipal Health Department •National Council for Scientific and Technological Development - CNPQ •São Paulo Research Foundation – FAPESP

CoAuthors: Regina Fisberg – School of Public Health, University of São Paulo; Carmen Isasi – Albert Einstein College of Medicine; Linda Horn – Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine; Mercedes Carnethon – Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine; Martha Daviglus – Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine; Marisa Perera – University of Miami; Daniela Sotres-Alvarez – University of North Carolina; Josiemer Mattei – Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

Jaqueline L. Pereira

PhD student
School of Public Health - University of Sao Paulo
Santo Andre, Sao Paulo, Brazil