Poster Topical Area: Maternal, Perinatal and Pediatric Nutrition
Location: Hall D
Poster Board Number: 263
Objective: The study determined mothers’ breastfeeding knowledge, attitude and feeding practices and their effect on anthropometric indices of young children.
Methodology: A cross-sectional survey using simple random sampling was adopted in selecting 500 children (0-2 years) that attended immunization programme at a Teaching Hospital located in Southeast Nigeria for a period of six months. A structured and pretested questionnaire was used in collecting information on socio-economic characteristics, feeding practices, knowledge of EBF, EBF attitude, pre-lacteal feed practices and young child feeding practices till 2 years of age. Anthropometric measurements including weight, length, chest and head circumferences were assessed using standard methods. Data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 22.0. Descriptive statistics was used in presenting the result in frequencies, mean and percentages while Pearson Chi-square was used to test for significant difference. Statistical significance was set at p<0.05.
Results: More than half (54.3%) of the children were aged 0-6 months, 7-12 months (9.8%), 13-18 months (29.2%) and 19-24 months (6.8%). Fifty-four percent of the children were males while 46.0% were females. The study observed poor knowledge of EBF (31.4%) while good knowledge of EBF was 68.6%, poor attitude of EBF was 38.0% among the subjects and prevalence of poor EBF practices was 47.8%. Pre-lacteal feeds was offered to 59.8% of the children which include, plain water (28.8%), glucose water (33.8%), honey (2.2%), herbal tea (1.6%), and infant formula (3.4%) while 30.2% did not practice pre-lacteal feeding. The anthropometric indices showed a high prevalence of malnutrition with stunting (42.2%), underweight (23.2%), wasting (11.4%) and overweight (20%). All the children had normal head and chest circumferences. Association between EBF knowledge, EBF attitude, feeding practices, pre-lacteal feeds and anthropometric measurements showed a significant difference (p<0.05).
Conclusion: This study observed a high rate of poor EBF knowledge, attitude and feeding practices among mothers which resulted in poor nutritional status of their children.
Imo State University
Owerri, Imo, Nigeria