Poster Topical Area: Nutritional Epidemiology
Location: Hall D
Poster Board Number: 771
Objectives: The objective of this study was to determine the association between yogurt consumption, adiposity, and diabetes indicators within a nationally representative sample of US adults.
Methods: Yogurt consumption patterns were evaluated in a sample of 4,686 non-pregnant adults (18 and older) who participated in the 2013-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES). During the NHANES, two days of dietary recall data were collected; participants provided specifics about each food and beverage item consumed, including time of day that the item was consumed. Participants were identified as yogurt consumers by specific USDA food codes. Yogurt consumers were further categorized as consumers of regular yogurt and consumers of Greek Yogurt. During the NHANES, data was collected regarding participant body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, fasting glucose, fasting insulin levels and diabetes diagnosis. Models were adjusted for age, sex, race, socioeconomic status (PIR), educational attainment, smoking status, physical activity level, and energy intake.
Results: Of the sample, 588 individuals were categorized as yogurt or Greek Yogurt consumers and 4,097 were categorized as non-consumers. Those who consumed yogurt or Greek Yogurt had significantly lower BMI (27.5 vs 28.4 kg/m2, p=0.03), waist circumference (95 vs 98 cm, p=0.04), and fasting insulin levels (10.8 vs 12.5 mg/dL, p=0.001) than non-consumers. In addition, those who consumed yogurt were less likely to report a diabetes diagnosis (6.3% vs. 9.9%; p=0.04).
Conclusions: These results indicate that consuming yogurt and Greek Yogurt is associated with decreased risk for adiposity and diabetes among American adults. As a nutrient-dense food, yogurt and Greek Yogurt can be recommended as part of healthy dietary pattern.
Funding Source: Chobani, LLC.
Chobani Health and Wellness
New York, New York