Poster Topical Area: Global Nutrition
Location: Hall D
Poster Board Number: 572
Several countries are undergoing a nutrition transition linked to socioeconomic changes and industrialisation. Limited research has been conducted on the dietary habits and nutritional intakes of children and adults in Egypt. A better understanding of dietary habits is needed in order to identify nutritional issues and develop targeted and effective products, services and health promotion campaigns, relevant to local eating practices. This study aimed to identify, characterise, and evaluate the dietary habits and nutritional intakes of children and adults living in urban regions of Egypt.
Four-day estimated food records were completed by 860 participants aged between 1 and 50 years. A photographic food atlas containing typical dishes and utensils, and standard household measures were used to estimate portion sizes. Home-made recipes were recorded. Data were collected in Q4 of 2016 and Q1 of 2017. Nutrient intakes were analysed using Diet Assess and Plan, and compared against WHO/FAO population goals for macronutrients and Egyptian recommendations for micronutrients.
Analysis is based on 778 participants (57% females) with plausible dietary records. The proportions of Total Energy (TE) from fat, saturated fat and protein tended to exceed recommendations. Across all age and gender groups, intakes of iron, potassium, calcium, and vitamins A and D were below recommended intakes. Females aged between 14-50 years were below recommendations for several micronutrients, including iron and folate. In certain age and gender groups, intakes of vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B12, and E were low. Sodium intakes were excessive across the population.
Dietary habits in Egypt were characterised by unbalanced intakes of the energy-supplying macronutrients, together with low intakes for many micronutrients, especially in females. Dietary characteristics such as these are the principle indicators of nutritional transition and potential dietary related health consequences. This work will contribute to the development of strategies to improve nutritional adequacy in this population.
Senior Nutrition Scientist
Danone Nutricia Research
Palaiseau, Ile-de-France, France