Poster Topical Area: Community and Public Health Nutrition
Poster Board Number: 89
Objectives: To examine foods consumed in the daycare setting using data from the Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study (FITS) 2016.
Methods: FITS 2016 is a cross-sectional survey of children 0-3.9 y in the US. One 24-h dietary recall was used to collect data on food and beverage intake (n=3235) and food groups were assigned to all items consumed. The percentage of children consuming from each food group were compared between children participating in day care and those who did not attend daycare on the day of the survey.
Results: 36% of the FITS population attended daycare on the day of the survey. 449 meals plus 312 snacks were consumed at daycare on the day of the survey.
Breakfast: Non-daycare infants (6-11.9 mo) were more likely to receive breast milk (37%) than infants attending daycare (27%). Daycare attendees in all age groups except 1 y olds, were more likely to consume fruit and 100% juice. Children at daycare were less likely to consume sweet foods and beverages at breakfast. In general, children at daycare >24 mo of age were more likely to drink milk at breakfast.
Lunch: Children >12 mo at daycare were more likely to consume milk and milk products than those not attending daycare (12-23.9 mo: 45% no daycare vs. 70% daycare; 24-35.9 mo 38% vs. 69%; 36-47.9 mo 36% vs. 49%). The prevalence of vegetable (all age groups), fruit and 100% fruit juice (6-47.9 mo) consumption was higher at daycare than among those not attending daycare. Children of all ages at daycare consumed fewer sweets, sweet beverages and desserts.
Snacks: The prevalence of vegetable consumption at snack time in all age groups was low (≤16%). Approximately half of children in age groups from 12-35.9 mo consumed sweet foods or beverages as snacks, regardless of the setting. Children >12 mo were more likely to consume fruit at daycare than those not attending daycare. The percentage of children reporting milk and milk products as snacks declined as children got older in both settings.
Conclusions: There is a growing emphasis on serving nutritious meals and snacks in daycares. We found that children attending daycare are more likely to consume fruits, vegetables and dairy products than children at home. However, improvements could be made in the quality and types of food/beverage items consumed at the snacking occasion and in the provision of breastmilk to infants at daycare.
Country Lead Scientist
Nestle Research Center, Switzerland
Florham Park, New Jersey