Poster Topical Area: Nutritional Epidemiology

Location: Hall D

Poster Board Number: 782

P20-076 - Beverage consumption patterns among infants, toddlers and preschool-age children (0-47.9mo): Data from the Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study 2016

Monday, Jun 11
8:00 AM – 3:00 PM


Data about patterns of beverage intake in the first years of life is sparse. This study describes beverage patterns among infants, toddlers and preschool children from the Feeding Infants and Toddlers study (FITS) 2016.


FITS 2016 is a cross-sectional survey of caregivers of children aged 0-47.9 mo in the US. Based on a 24-h dietary recall (n=3235), data collected on food, beverage and supplement intake were used to calculate the percentage of children consuming specific beverages on a given day, the amount consumed (g; kcal), per capita amounts consumed (g; kcal) and the percent contribution of beverages to total energy intakes (TEI).


Breast milk and infant formula provided 93% of TEI among 0-5.9 mo olds; 10% of 0-5.9 mo olds consumed water. The prevalence of beverage consumption among infants 6-11.9 mo was: infant formula (64%; 40% TEI); water (42%) and breastmilk (39%; 18% TEI) followed by 100% fruit juice (27%; 1% TEI); cow's milk (11%; 2% TEI) and sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) (8.5%; 1% TEI). Water was consumed by 70% of 12-23.9 mo olds and 78% of 24-47.9 mo olds. Whole milk was consumed by 67% of 12-23.9 mo children (15% TEI) followed by 100% juice (50%; 4% TEI). 100% juice and SSBs each provided about 4% of TEI for 24-47.9 mo olds. On a per capita basis, milks and 100% juice provided the most calories among 12-23.9 mo olds (237 and 52 kcal respectively) whereas among 24-47.9 mo olds, energy from milks was 176 kcal. Energy from SSBs was higher among 24-47.9 mo olds (53 kcal) compared to 29kcal in 12-23.9 mo olds. With regard to nutrients, milk (all types) provided more energy and key nutrients than all other beverages, followed by 100% juice. SSBs contributed energy and added sugar. At mealtimes, the prevalence of SSBs consumption, in the form of fruit-flavored drinks, was higher among 24-47.9 mo compared to 12-23.9 mo olds. Beverages were more likely to be consumed during snack occasions with only 23-32% consuming milk or water at lunch or dinner, compared to all eating occasions for children >12 mo.


Opportunities exist to further improve beverage patterns, in particular, among 12-47.9 mo olds. Future interventions may benefit from targeting snack time as a way to decrease intake of calorie-dense or nutrient poor drinks, and promoting increased milk and water consumption during meal times.

Funding Source: Nestlé Research Center, Lausanne, Switzerland

CoAuthors: Melissa Kay, PhD, MS, MPH, RD – Duke Center for Childhood Obesity Research; Emily Welker, MPH, RD – Healthy Eating Research, Duke Global Health Institute; Mary Story, Professor of Global Health and Community and Family Medicine – Duke University

Emma F. Jacquier

Country Lead Scientist
Nestle Research Center, Switzerland
Florham Park, New Jersey