Poster Topical Area: Aging and Chronic Disease
Poster Board Number: 47
Abstract: Objective To investigate dietary pattern and health of the residents aged 60 and above in Hubei Province. To provide information for shaping the relevant government policies and guiding the elderly's healthy dietary. Methods Data were collected from Chinese Nutrition and Health Surveillance in 2010-2012, and a sampling method of multi-stage stratification and population proportional cluster random sampling method, including questionnaire, physical examine, laboratory assay and dietary survey. Results In our province, the average daily intakes of cereals and potato, vegetables and meat were 390.82g, 320.40g, 52.61g per person respectively, reached the recommended intakes; those of beans and nuts, eggs and fish were 21.10g, 23.85g, 27.16g respectively, less than the recommended intakes (P0.05; P<0.001); those of fruits (11.11g) and milk (11.38g) were less than the recommended intakes significantly (P<0.001; P<0.001), and only 5.56% and 3.79% of the recommended intakes respectively; those of oil and salt were 64.27g and 12.36g respectively, higher than the recommended intakes (P<0.001; P<0.001). The prevalence of anemia in the elderly was 12.00%, and the prevalence of low body weight was 6.13%, the prevalence of low body weight in rural elderly (8.47%) was higher than that in urban elderly (3.75%), and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.001). The elderly of overweight, obesity, hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia was high, at 27.2%, 9.02%, 45.50%, 10.76%, 28.82% respectively. Conclusion The dietary pattern of the elderly in Hubei Province was unreasonable, and the prevalence of low body weight, anemia, overweight, obesity, hypertension, diabetes and other chronic diseases in rural elderly were higher. It is necessary to strengthen n utritional education among the elderly in order to promote balanced diet and healthy lifestyle.
Funding Source: chinese goverment investiation
Hubei Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention
Wuhan, Hubei, China (People's Republic)